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OSHAcademy Safety Spotlight - Vol. 1, No. 7

OSHA Outreach Trainer Qualifications

Lindsay has been a safety manager with XYZ Computer Manufacturing Company for five years and wants to strengthen her training qualifications. She currently does all of the occupational safety and health training for her company. Lindsay wants to expand her training capabilities by offering 10-hour and 30-hour general industry training for other businesses in her area.

Lindsay has a college degree in Occupational Safety and Health from a well-known Columbia Southern University.She also completed OSHA course 511, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry a few years ago.

How can Lindsay become an Authorized Outreach Trainer?

OSHA authorizes trainers, such as Lindsay, to conduct 10- and 30-hour OSHA training courses through the OSHA Outreach Training Program. The Outreach Training Program is voluntary and promotes workplace safety and health by training workers about their rights and workplace hazards.

Through this program, Lindsay must first complete the prerequisites for a general industry trainer and complete a train-the-trainer course. Once she successfully completes these requirements, Lindsay will receive a completion card and an authorized outreach trainer card.

Here is a list of the prerequisites to become an authorized OSHA Outreach Trainer:

For Construction Industry -

Complete the OSHA #500 Trainer Course in Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Construction.

Prerequisites for Course #500:
  • Five years of construction safety experience
  • College degree in occupational safety and health, a Certified Safety Professional (CSP), or Certified Industrial Hygienist (CIH) designation, in the applicable training area may be substituted for two years of experience
  • Completion of OSHA #510, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the Construction Industry
For General Industry-

Complete OSHA #501 Trainer Course in OSHA Standards for General Industry

Prerequisites for Course #501:

  • Five years of general industry safety experience
  • College degree in occupational safety and health, a Certified Safety Professional (CSP), or Certified Industrial Hygienist (CIH) designation, in the applicable training area may be substituted for two years of experience
  • Completion of OSHA #511, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry

For Maritime Industry -

Complete OSHA #5400 Trainer Course in OSHA Standards for the Maritime Industry

Prerequisites for Course #5400:

  • Three years maritime industry experience with at least one of the following:
  • Two years of occupational safety and health experience (with a broad focus) in any industry
  • A degree in occupational safety and health from an accredited college or university
  • Certification as an Associate Safety Professional (ASP), Certified Safety Professional (CSP) designation
  • Certified Industrial Hygienist (CIH) designation
  • Certified Marine Chemist (CMC) designation
  • Certified Safety Health Manager (CSHM) designation.

For Disaster Site Workers:

Complete OSHA #5600 Disaster Site Worker Train-the-Trainer

Prerequisites for Course #5600:

  • OSHA Course #500 or #501
  • Three years safety training experience
  • Completion of the 40-hour HAZWOPER training
After she receives her card from OSHA, Lindsay will be authorized to teach courses in specific subject areas. For example, she will be able to teach the OSHA 10-hour and 30-hour courses in the general industry. It is important that Lindsay stays current on all relevant OSHA matters. Therefore, she will be required to attend a trainer update course every 4 years. She can also retake the trainer course to maintain her authorized status. However, if she lets her status expire, she’ll have a 90-day grace period to take the update course.

If you want to read more about becoming an authorized OSHA Outreach Trainer, please click here.

Senate Bill Could Change OSHA

Felony charges for some violations and higher penalties for others are among the provisions in a bill introduced in the United States by Senator Patty Murray. (D-Wash) If enacted, Senate bill 665 - the “Protecting of American Workers Act (PAWA) - would make significant changes in the Occupational Safety and Health Act.

  • It would expand OSHA coverage to 8.5 million workers who are currently not covered by OSHA protections, including federal, state and local public employees.
  • Repeat and willful violations cited by OSHA that result in a worker’s death or serious injury would result in a felony charge.
  • The civil penalty for a willful violation that results in a worker’s death would increase.
  • The public’s right to know about safety violations would be broadened.
  • Whistleblower protections would increase.
  • Regulations regarding how site-controlling employers keep track of injuries and illnesses for all employees on the work site would be revised.
  • The General Duty Clause would be revised to include all workers on the worksite.

Lack of Safety Inspections Lead to Deaths

An OSHA inspection into the collapse of a parking garage under construction that killed four workers and injured nine others say a lack of safety inspections by contractors played a major part in the tragedy.

The garage was being built for a Florida College campus and it collapsed last October, crushing the four workers.

One injured worker was buried in the rubble for two hours before he was rescued. The driver of a cement truck was trapped in his cab for hours. He died after emergency workers had to amputate his legs.

The body of one worker couldn’t be recovered for more than a week because the collapse site was so unstable.

OSHA issued citations totaling more than 38,000 dollars to general contractor Ajax Building Corp. and four subcontractors.

According to OSHA, the contractors didn’t inspect 18 columns as required. They also didn’t follow project drawings and instructions. Also, just two days before the collapse, a crane struck a column in the structure. That column was repaired, but attorneys for the victims say the contractors failed to check nearby columns for damage.

The contractors face lawsuits from those injured and the families of the deceased. An attorney who represents the families of two dead workers and a worker who was injured said the collapse of the structure happened because the contractors were in a rush to finish the job.

The garage was to open in just two months from the time of the incident.

Preventing Falls in the Workplace

Many falls at work result in injuries or illnesses and they cause a productive workplace environment to be affected. Therefore, it becomes essential to employ means of preventing falls at work. Falls at work usually consist of two kinds: those that happen in single-story structures and those that occur from a higher level.

Most falls occurring from slips and trips at the same level are caused due to slipping on an icy surface or tripping over an object. Many accidents from different levels happen when people fall off ladders, steps or a higher floor.

Although accidents are not easy to predict, it’s still possible to prevent them from happening. Look for ways to prevent slips, trips and falls from occurring at your workplace. Once these hazards are eliminated, you can usually prevent accidents from happening at all!

Some of the precautions you can take to avoid accidents are:

  • Ensure all spills and wet surfaces are immediately cleaned up.
  • Make sure all walking pathways in the office are clutter-free.
  • Always have good illumination around the office space.
  • Always wear good footwear. Increasing friction between the soles of your shoes and the surface could prevent falls.
For more helpful information on fall hazards in your workplace, please take a look at OSHAcademy’s “Fall Protection – 714” course.