COURSE 500: EM385-1-1 Safety & Health - Sections 1-6

Safety guides and audits to make your job as a safety professional easier


Welcome to the course. This is the first course in the 40-Hour EM385-1-1 Construction Safety Hazard Awareness Course for Contractors series and is designed to help you understand EM 385-1-1, Safety and Health Requirements, Sections 1-6. Note: Completion of courses 500-504 is equivalent to the 40-Hour Construction Safety Hazard Awareness for Contractors Course.

The purpose of the training is to enhance the awareness of proposed and alternate Site Safety & Health Officers (SSHOs) performing awarded construction, service, and environmental contract work, and to provide all contractor on-site personnel an opportunity to obtain adequate knowledge to assess unsafe worksite conditions.

This course is designed primarily for contractors who work with federal government projects, but may be helpful for anyone. This basic training is designed to help those with little or no prior safety and health training.

Here's how it works:

  1. Study each course module. To start, click on the course "Modules" tab above. On average, it takes about 30 minutes to one hour to complete each module, including the module quiz. Take your time and make sure you understand the course material.

  2. Answer the study questions. You can find the study questions within the "Study Questions" tab above or at the end of each study guide. Print the questions so that you can hunt for the answers as you read through the material.

  3. Complete and submit the course FINAL EXAM.

    • Final exams consist of 30 questions taken from the course.
    • The exam is OPEN BOOK. You can use your notes or the study guide to help answer questions you are unsure of.
    • You must pass the final exam with at least an 80% score.
    • If you do not pass the exam, you may retake the exam.
    • If you pass the exam, you may not retake the exam just to raise your score.
  4. Course 500 Certificate
    Frame not included.
  5. Order an Optional Certificate. If you want certification of your training, order a high quality certificate. Our training is free. We only charge a small fee to provide documentation of your training. To purchase certificates for the EM-385-1-1 program you must purchase the program certificates. To do so, make sure you are registered for the EM-385-1-1 program and click on the "purchase program" link next to the EM-385-1-1 program in your training dashboard.

    If you have questions about the course materials as you study, just send us an email. We are here to help!

OK, Let's go!

Have fun and study hard. To start, just click on "Introduction" above.



EM385-1-1 prescribes the safety and health requirements for all Corps of Engineers activities and operations. The "EM" in the manual's title means Engineers Manual.

The Department of Defense has mandated that EM385-1-1 Safety & Health Requirements be the "primary document" for the safety parameters on all construction projects. Contractors working at military bases must comply with the requirements of USACE EM-385-1-1. All managers, supervisors, contractors, or construction personnel working on military contracts and any worker needing to be compliant with EM 385-1-1 regulations and compliance standards.

The manual applies to Headquarters, US Army Corps of Engineers (HQUSACE) elements, major subordinate commands, districts, centers, laboratories, and field operating activities (FOA), as well as USACE contracts and those administered on behalf of USACE. Applicability extends to occupational exposure for missions under the command of the Chief of Engineers, whether accomplished by military, civilian, or contractor personnel.

The information in this course references EM 385-1-1, dated 30 November 2014.

Course Objectives

This course will cover the topics in Sections 1-6 and will inform and help you understand the following information related to each of these Sections:

  • Contractor responsibilities for designing, developing, and deploying an effective safety and health program that complies with the requirements of the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)

  • The required plans, programs, policies, processes, and procedures that help to ensure hazard free work on USACE facilities and projects.

  • The needed knowledge and skills to manage programs, recognize hazards, prevent accidents, inspect and enforce regulatory requirements.

  • Identify the skills required to identify, prevent, and correct potential and actual safety and health hazards on construction worksites.

  • The basic knowledge and skills needed to effectively review, analyze and evaluate contractor Accident Prevention Plans (APP) and Activity Hazard Analysis (AHA)

  • The Skills required to perform effective incident and accident mishap investigations, properly document the facts, and implement safety and health requirements of EM385-1-1.

Getting Started

To begin your online training, just click on the "Modules" tab above and follow the simple instructions.


To begin your training, click on and download the first module study guide below. You'll receive a pdf copy of the chapter to study online or offline at your own pace. Tip: Copy and print the study questions (see tab) and hunt for the answers to the questions as your read the material.

Module 1 - Program Management | AHA Process

Module 2 - Sanitation |

Module 3 - Medical and First Aid Requirements

Module 4 - Temporary Facilities

Module 5 - Personal Protective and Safety Equipment

Module 6 - Hazardous or Toxic Agents and Environments

Course 500 Study Questions

As you read through each EM385-1-1 chapter, copy and print these Study Questions. Hunt for the answers to the questions as you read through the chapter. Doing this will make the training a little more interesting!

Chapter 1 - Program Management

  1. Each employee is responsible for complying with __________.
  2. For limited scope supply, service and R&D contracts, the KO and local SOHO __________.
  3. Frequent inspections/audits by a Competent Person of the work sites, material, and equipment will be done to ensure compliance with the APP and the EM385. These inspections/audits will be documented to include __________.
  4. Before beginning each work activity, the workers performing that work activity shall prepare the initial __________.
  5. The AHA will be reviewed and modified as necessary to address __________.
  6. All training will be documented in writing, to include the date, name, content, and __________.
  7. The SSHO(s), as a minimum, must have completed __________ or equivalent.
  8. Employees working in a remote location or away from other workers shall be provided __________.

Chapter 2 - Sanitation

  1. Outlets dispensing non-potable water shall ___________.
  2. Open containers such as barrels, pails, or tanks, may be used for drinking water if properly sterilized. True or False.
  3. The floor of every workroom shall be kept as dry as possible. Drainage shall be maintained where wet processes are used, and false floors, __________, mats, or other dry standing places shall be provided, when possible.
  4. Reclaimed water (treated wastewater) used in potable systems is __________.
  5. Open containers such as barrels, pails, or tanks, or any container from which the water is dipped or poured may be permitted for drinking water when tested. True or False.
  6. Non-potable water may be used for cleaning provided this non pot-able water does not contain __________ which would create unsanitary conditions.
  7. Separate toilet rooms for each sex need not be provided if __________, __________, and __________.
  8. If the washing facility cannot provide running water, hand sanitizers may be used as a substitute. True or False.
  9. One shower shall be provided for every __________ employees (or fraction thereof) of each sex, who are required to shower during the same shift.
  10. Receptacles used for putrescible solid or liquid waste or refuse shall be constructed in order to prevent leakage and to allow __________.

Chapter 3 - Medical and First Aid Requirements

  1. Medical facilities and personnel expected to treat injured employees shall __________.
  2. When a medical facility is not accessible within 5 minutes of an injury to a group of 2 or more employees, at least 2 employees on each shift shall be qualified to administer __________.
  3. The contents of first aid kits shall be checked by the employer prior to their use on site and at least every __________ when work is in progress to ensure that they are complete,in good condition, and have not expired.
  4. A highly visible map delineating the best route to the nearest medical facility shall be prepared and shall be __________.
  5. All projects, activities, installations, or contracts for which fewer than __________ persons are employed each shift at the work site where neither a first-aid station nor an infirmary is available, shall be provided with a first-aid kit.
  6. All projects, activities, installations, or contracts for which __________ or more persons are employed each shift at the work site shall establish and equip, as directed by a licensed physician, an infirmary.
  7. Employees designated as responsible for rendering first- aid or medical assistance shall be included in their employer's __________.
  8. Prior to the start of work outside the employee's normal geographical area, the employer shall inform employees of parasitic, viral and environmental diseases endemic to the geographical work location. Common diseases to consider include __________.
  9. Type I first aid kits are intended for use in __________ where the potential for damage of kit supplies due to environmental factors and rough handling is minimal.
  10. Type II, Type III, and Type IV first-aid kits are required to meet the requirements of the __________ fill.
  11. All projects, activities, installations, or contracts (USACE or contractor) where work or tasks with a high or extremely high risk assessment (RAC) which ____________ persons or more are employed (greatest total aggregate number of employees on a shift) shall have the full-time services of a Licensed Physician.

Chapter 4 - Temporary Facilities

  1. Trailers and other temporary structures used as field offices must __________.
  2. Fencing shall extend from grade to __________ above grade.
  3. Signs warning of the presence of construction hazards and requiring unauthorized person to keep out shall be posted at every _____________ feet of fencing.
  4. Depending upon the nature and location of the project site, the GDA may determine that temporary project fencing is not required. True or False.
  5. Trailers and other temporary structures used as field offices, as personnel housing, or for storage shall be anchored with rods and cables or by steel straps to ground anchors. True or False
  6. Whenever possible, use a __________ traffic pattern on two- way haul roads.
  7. Truck haul roads should be kept to less than a __________ grade, and the maximum allowable grade shall not exceed __________.
  8. Roadway hardness, __________, and __________ shall be used to maintain the safety of the roadway.

Chapter 5 - Personal Protective and Safety Equipment

  1. When employees provide their own PPE, __________ is responsible for assuring its adequacy in protecting against the hazard and its state of repair.
  2. Hearing protection devices shall provide for the attenuation of noise to acceptable levels which is __________ dBA for continuous (steady-state) noise.
  3. Certain activities and areas may be considered as non-hard hat areas if __________.
  4. All employees using respirators, with the exception of __________, shall be included in the respiratory protection program.
  5. Electric arc flash protection shall be provided for __________.
  6. At least one __________ shall be immediately available at locations where employees work over or immediately next to the water.
  7. Automatic-Inflatable Personal Flotation Devices may be used only by workers over __________ years old and who weigh more than __________ pounds.
  8. All Personal Flotation Devices shall be of a highly visible orange/reddish color. In addition, PFDs shall: __________
  9. Tinted or automatically darkening lenses should be worn when work tasks require the employee to pass often from brightly to dimly lighted areas. True or False.
  10. Generally, double hearing protection should be used whenever employees are exposed to continuous noise greater than __________ dBA.

Chapter 6 - Hazardous or Toxic Agents and Environments

  1. A written hazard communication program shall address the following in project-specific detail __________, __________, __________, and __________.
  2. When eyes or body of any person may be exposed to hazardous or toxic agents, suitable facilities for quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body shall be provided and located __________.
  3. Every hazardous or toxic agent being transported for disposal shall be transported with a copy of the substance's __________ whenever applicable.
  4. Protection against hazards from insects includes PPE such as __________.
  5. Areas in which lasers are used shall be __________.
  6. Airborne contaminants created by portable equipment (such as drills, saws, and grinding machines) in concentrations exceeding acceptable safe limits shall be __________ at the source.
  7. __________ shall NOT be used as an abrasive blasting media.
  8. Employer's APP or Project SOH plans shall include control of __________, as appropriate for the season and work location.
  9. In hot environments, __________ shall be available to employees.

Course 500 Final Exam

Congratulations on finishing the coursework! To pass the exam, you must achieve a minimum score of 70%. It is OSHAcademy's policy to protect the integrity of our exams and, as a result, we do not provide missed questions to students. We do provide missed-question module section references for study should you wish to retake the exam.

After you have studied all of the course material and reviewed the "Study Questions" tab, you can take the final exam. The study questions are optional, but we highly recommend you review them, as the questions are similar to those on the final exam.

This is an open book exam. As you are taking the exam, if you find a question you are unsure of, you should use the course study guide or course web pages to research the correct answer. Don't worry if you fail the exam. You can study and retake the exam when you are ready.

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