COURSE 501: EM385-1-1 Safety & Health - Sections 7-13

Safety guides and audits to make your job as a safety professional easier


Welcome to the course. This is the second course in the 40-Hour EM385-1-1 Construction Safety Hazard Awareness Course for Contractors series and is designed to help you understand EM 385-1-1, Safety and Health Requirements, Sections 7-13. Note: Completion of courses 500-504 is equivalent to the 40-Hour Construction Safety Hazard Awareness for Contractors Course.

The purpose of the training is to enhance the awareness of proposed and alternate Site Safety & Health Officers (SSHOs) performing awarded construction, service, and environmental contract work, and to provide all contractor on-site personnel an opportunity to obtain adequate knowledge to assess unsafe worksite conditions.

This course is designed primarily for contractors who work with federal government projects, but may be helpful for anyone. This basic training is designed to help those with little or no prior safety and health training.

Here's how it works:

  1. Study each course module. To start, click on the course "Modules" tab above. On average, it takes about 30 minutes to one hour to complete each module. The entire course will take about 40 Hours to read the material, answer the study questions, and complete the final exam. The best strategy is to take your time and make sure you understand the course material.

  2. Answer the study questions. You can find the study questions within the "Study Questions" tab above or at the end of each study guide. Print the questions so that you can hunt for the answers as you read through the material.

  3. Complete and submit the course FINAL EXAM.

    • Final exams consist of 30 questions taken from the course.
    • The exam is OPEN BOOK. You can use your notes or the study guide to help answer questions you are unsure of.
    • You must pass the final exam with at least an 80% score.
    • If you do not pass the exam, you may retake the exam.
    • If you pass the exam, you may not retake the exam just to raise your score.
  4. Course 501 Certificate
    Frame not included.
  5. Order an Optional Certificate. If you want certification of your training, order a high quality certificate. Our training is free. We only charge a small fee to provide documentation of your training. To purchase certificates for the EM-385-1-1 program you must purchase the program certificates. To do so, make sure you are registered for the EM-385-1-1 program and click on the "purchase program" link next to the EM-385-1-1 program in your training dashboard.

  6. If you have questions about the course materials as you study, just send us an email. We are here to help!

OK, Let's go!

Have fun and study hard. To start, just click on "Introduction" above.



EM385-1-1 prescribes the safety and health requirements for all Corps of Engineers activities and operations. The "EM" in the manual's title means Engineers Manual.

The Department of Defense has mandated that EM385-1-1 Safety & Health Requirements be the "primary document" for the safety parameters on all construction projects. Contractors working at military bases must comply with the requirements of USACE EM-385-1-1. All managers, supervisors, contractors, or construction personnel working on military contracts and any worker needing to be compliant with EM 385-1-1 regulations and compliance standards.

The manual applies to Headquarters, US Army Corps of Engineers (HQUSACE) elements, major subordinate commands, districts, centers, laboratories, and field operating activities (FOA), as well as USACE contracts and those administered on behalf of USACE. Applicability extends to occupational exposure for missions under the command of the Chief of Engineers, whether accomplished by military, civilian, or contractor personnel.

The information in this course references EM 385-1-1, dated 30 November 2014.

Course Objectives

This course will cover the topics in Sections 7-13 and will inform and help you understand the following information related to each of these Sections:

  • Contractor responsibilities for designing, developing, and deploying an effective safety and health program that complies with the requirements of the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)

  • The required plans, programs, policies, processes, and procedures that help to ensure hazard free work on USACE facilities and projects.

  • The needed knowledge and skills to manage programs, recognize hazards, prevent accidents, inspect and enforce regulatory requirements.

  • Identify the skills required to identify, prevent, and correct potential and actual safety and health hazards on construction worksites.

  • The basic knowledge and skills needed to effectively review, analyze and evaluate contractor Accident Prevention Plans (APP) and Activity Hazard Analysis (AHA)

  • The Skills required to perform effective incident and accident mishap investigations, properly document the facts, and implement safety and health requirements of EM385-1-1.

Getting Started

To begin your online training, just click on the "Modules" tab above and follow the simple instructions.


To continue, click on and download the first module study guide below. You'll receive a pdf copy of the chapter to study online or offline at your own pace. Tip: Copy and print the study questions (see tab) and hunt for the answers to the questions as your read the material.

Module 7 - Lighting

Module 8 - Accident Prevention Signs, Tags, Labels, Signals, Piping System Identification, and Traffic Control

Module 9 - Fire Prevention and Protection

Module 10 - Welding and Cutting

Module 11 - Electrical

Module 12 - Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout)

Module 13 - Hand and Power Tools

Course 501 Study Questions

As you read through each EM385-1-1 chapter, copy and print these Study Questions. Hunt for the answers to the questions as you read through the chapter. Doing this will make the training a little more interesting!

Chapter 7 - Lighting

  1. Means of egress shall be illuminated, with emergency and non-emergency lighting, to provide a minimum of_______________ measured at the floor.
  2. Illumination shall be arranged so that the failure of any single lighting unit, including the burning out of an electric bulb, will not leave any area in total darkness, impeding the means of egress. True or False.
  3. Lamps and fixtures will be guarded and secured to preclude injury to personnel. Open fluorescent fixtures will be provided with __________, __________, __________, or __________.
  4. Lamps for general illumination shall be protected from accidental contact or breakage. Protection shall be provided by elevation of at least ____________ (2.1 m) from normal working surface, suitable fixture or lamp holder with a guard.
  5. Lighting fixtures may be no closer than __________ (0.5 m) to overhead sprinkler systems, if the building is so equipped, per NFPA Standards.
  6. Do access ways or administrative areas require greater illumination according to Table 7-1 in EM 385-1-1?
  7. Do docks and loading platforms or visitor areas require less illumination according to Table 7-1 in EM 385-1-1?

Chapter 8 - Accident Prevention Signs, Tags, Labels, Signals, Piping System Identification, and Traffic Control

  1. Accident prevention signs, tags, and labels shall be provided to __________ and __________.
  2. All warning systems such as signs, tags, and labels shall be visible during daylight hours when the hazard or problem exists. True or False.
  3. The Workplace Safety signs with Danger and Caution headings have standard legends that should be somewhat similar to that shown in the USACE Sign Standards Manual. True or False.
  4. Danger signs will be used only when the circumstances indicate an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, will result in __________.
  5. Warning signs may be used only when the circumstances indicate a __________ hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
  6. Danger signs will be used only when the circumstances indicate a/an __________ hazardous situation that, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
  7. Caution signs may be used only when circumstances indicate a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, may result in __________ or __________.
  8. Caution signs may be used to alert against unsafe practices that may result in property damage. True or False
  9. Notice signs may be used to indicate a state of __________ directly or indirectly related to the safety of personnel or protection of property.
  10. Which of the following may be used to indicate general instructions relative to safe work practices, remind of proper safety procedures or indicate the location of safety equipment?
  11. Construction areas shall be posted with legible traffic signs at points of hazard in accordance with __________.
  12. Manual (hand) signals may be used when the distance between the operator and signal person is not more than __________.
  13. All barricades, warning signs, lights, temporary signals, other devices, flagmen, and signaling devices shall __________.

Chapter 9 - Fire Prevention and Protection

  1. A fire prevention plan shall be developed for __________________________.
  2. The government designated authority (GDA) shall survey all activities and determine which ones require a __________.
  3. A barrier having a fire resistance rating equivalent to a listing of at least __________ shall segregate DOT-identified noncompatible materials that may create a fire hazard.
  4. Measures must be taken to control the growth of tall grass, brush, and weeds adjacent to facilities. A break of at least __________ (0.9 m) shall be maintained around all facilities.
  5. Low-density fiberboard, combustible insulation, or vapor barriers with a flame spread rating greater than __________ shall not be installed in permanent buildings.
  6. What type of lighting must be the only means of artificial illumination in areas where flammable liquids, vapors, fumes, dust, or gases are present? __________
  7. At least one portable fire extinguisher rated __________ shall be provided on all tank trucks or other vehicles used for transporting and/or dispensing flammable or combustible liquids.
  8. Each service or refueling area shall be provided with at least one fire extinguisher rated not less than __________.
  9. Each service or refueling area fire extinguisher shall be within __________ (30.4 m) of each pump, dispenser, underground fill pipe opening, and lubrication or service area.
  10. No flammable liquid with a flash point (closed cup test) below __________ F (37.7 C) shall be used for cleaning purposes or to start or rekindle fires.
  11. Ventilation adequate to prevent the accumulation of __________ to hazardous levels shall be provided in all areas where flammable and combustible liquids are handled or used.
  12. Flammable and combustible liquids in quantities greater than that required for __________ use shall not be stored in buildings under construction.
  13. Safety cans and other portable containers for flammable liquids having a flash point at or below __________F (23C) shall be labeled/listed and painted red with a yellow band around the can and the name of the contents legibly indicated on the container. __________
  14. Unopened containers of flammable and combustible liquids, such as paints, varnishes, lacquers, thinners, and solvents, shall be kept in a well ventilated location, and free of excessive exposure to __________, __________, __________, __________, or __________.
  15. Tank cars/trucks shall be attended for the entire time they are being __________.
  16. Storage of LP gas containers (empty or full) in industrial buildings (not normally frequented by the public) shall not exceed __________ (2,598 ft3 in vapor form).
  17. Heaters used near combustible tarpaulins, canvas, or similar coverings shall be located at least __________ (3 m) from such coverings.
  18. When heaters are used in enclosed or partially enclosed structures, CO shall be __________.
  19. All piping, tubing, and hose shall be leak tested using __________ after assembly and proven free of leaks at normal operating pressure.
  20. When flexible gas supply lines are used, the length shall be as short as practical and shall not exceed __________ (7.6 m).
  21. Fire extinguishers shall be inspected __________ and maintained as specified in NFPA 10.
  22. Fire extinguisher records shall be kept on a __________ or __________ attached to the extinguisher, on an inspection checklist maintained on file, or by __________.
  23. Fire extinguishers shall be in a __________ and shall be suitably placed, distinctly marked, and readily accessible.
  24. Vertical clearance of at least __________ (45.7 cm) shall be maintained between the top of stored material and sprinkler deflectors.
  25. Fire detectors and detector systems shall be tested and adjusted as often as necessary to maintain operability and reliability; factory calibrated detectors must be adjusted after installation. True or False.
  26. In any instance where combustible materials have been exposed to fire hazards (such as welding operations, hot metals, or open flame), a fire watch shall be assigned to remain at the location for at least __________ after the exposure has ended.
  27. Wild land fire management team personnel shall, as a minimum, receive training that will include fire line safety, __________, basic wild land fire suppression tactics, __________, first aid and use, and __________.

Chapter 10 - Welding and Cutting

  1. Arc welding and cutting operations shall be shielded by noncombustible or flameproof screens that will protect employees and other persons working within __________ (10.7 m) from the direct rays of the arc, sparks, molten metal, spatter, and chipped slag.
  2. Before welding, cutting, or heating is commenced on any surface covered by a preservative coating whose flammability is not known, __________ to determine its flammability.
  3. All structural welding performed on critical items, such as scaffolding, shoring, forms, ladders, piling, etc., as well as other critical items, shall only be performed by __________.
  4. Employees performing welding, cutting, and heating work shall be protected by PPE appropriate for the hazards that they may encounter and based upon the results of an __________.
  5. All welding, cutting, and heating operations shall be __________ such that personnel exposures to hazardous concentrations of airborne contaminants are within acceptable limits.
  6. Either general mechanical or local exhaust ventilation shall be provided whenever welding, cutting, or heating is performed __________.
  7. What is required on Government installations when welding, cutting, or heating operations are performed unless otherwise indicated by the GDA? __________
  8. What must happen when a welding, cutting, or heating operation is such that normal fire prevention precautions are not sufficient? __________.
  9. Hot tapping or other welding or cutting on a flammable gas or liquid transmission or distribution pipeline shall be performed only by __________.
  10. Oxygen and fuel gas hoses may be interchangeable in certain circumstances. True or False.
  11. Torches shall be inspected before each use for __________, __________, __________, and __________.
  12. When doing oxyfuel welding, torches shall be lighted by __________.
  13. Chlorinated solvents shall be kept at least __________ (61 m) away from the exposed arc, unless shielded.

Chapter 11 - Electrical

  1. To determine if any part of an electric power circuit is located such that work could bring any person, tool, or machine into physical or electrical contact with it, the person in charge must use the following three methods: __________, __________, __________.
  2. Employees performing electrical work shall be Qualified Personnel with verifiable credentials are identified in the appropriate __________.
  3. If it is determined that equipment must be worked on in an energized condition, the contractor shall submit __________.
  4. The number of workers sufficient to perform an electrical job safely shall be determined by the __________.
  5. PPE that provides appropriate arc flash protection is required for all personnel working on or near exposed energized equipment operating at __________ volts or more.
  6. Crane operations adjacent to overhead 50 kv lines are prohibited unless __________.
  7. Locations of electrical equipment and wiring shall be classified on the __________ of the flammable and combustibles and the __________ that a flammable or combustible concentration or quantity is present.
  8. __________ shall be provided on all circuits serving portable electric hand tools or semi-portable electric power tools (such as block/brick saws, table saws, air compressors, welding machines, and drill presses).
  9. __________ shall be submitted to the GDA and accepted for use before temporary power is installed.
  10. Batteries shall be stored in enclousres with outside vents or in __________.
  11. Requirements detailed in __________ shall be followed when placing and removing protective grounds.
  12. Before climbing poles, ladders, scaffolds or other elevated structures an inspection shall determine that __________.
  13. All mobile cranes and derricks shall be __________ when being moved or operated near energized lines or equipment or the equipment shall be considered energized.
  14. Employees shall not look into an open wave guide or antenna that is connected to an energized electromagnetic source. True or False.

Chapter 12 - Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout)

  1. A contractor's Hazardous Energy Control Plan (HECP) must comply with ___________, __________, and __________.
  2. During shift and/or personnel changes, provisions shall be made to ensure the continuity of lockout/tagout protection. True or False.
  3. __________ inspections shall be conducted to ensure that all requirements of the HEC procedures are being followed.
  4. For areas accessible by the public, hazardous energy must be controlled by a system of tagout devices. True or False.
  5. All energy sources shall be controlled before performing service or maintenance on equipment in which the ___________ energizing, startup, or release of stored energy could cause personal injury or property damage.
  6. If an energy isolating device is not capable of being locked out, the HEC procedures shall use ___________ providing full personnel protection.
  7. Lockout and tagout shall be performed only by __________ employees.
  8. All employees affected by the lockout/tagout shall be notified, before and upon completion of ___________.
  9. Employees shall be retrained in HEC procedures when there is a change in employee job responsibilities. True or False.
  10. Locks shall be substantial enough to prevent removal without: __________
  11. The _________ shall ensure that all energy isolating devices needed to control energy to or within the system are identified and that the system is shut down, isolated, blocked and secured in accordance with HEC procedures.

Chapter 13 Hand and Power Tools

  1. Tongue guards on bench/stand grinders shall be adjustable to within __________ (6 mm) of the constantly decreasing diameter of the wheel at the upper opening.
  2. Work/tool rests on power grinders shall not be more than __________ (3 mm) distance from the wheel.
  3. Circular saws shall be equipped with guards that __________ and __________ enclose the cutting edges, splitters, and anti kickback devices.
  4. Band saw blades shall be __________.
  5. All portable, power driven circular saws shall be equipped with __________ above and below the base plate or shoe.
  6. Radial arm power saws shall be equipped with a/an __________.
  7. Band saws and other machinery requiring warm-up for safe operation shall be permitted to warm up before being put into operation whenever the temperature is below __________ F (7 C).
  8. For pneumatic tools, a __________ shall be provided at connections between tool and hose and at all quick makeup type connections.
  9. __________ shall be installed and maintained on pneumatic impact percussion tools to prevent attachments from being accidentally expelled.
  10. A __________, for explosive-actuated tools, is one who has been trained by an authorized instructor.
  11. Daily inspection, cleaning, and testing shall be performed as recommended by the __________.
  12. A chain saw must never be used to cut above the operator's __________ height.
  13. Nailers shall be operated in a way to minimize the danger to others and the operator from __________, __________, and __________.
  14. When used for sheet goods and roofing materials, nailers may be operated in the __________ only as allowed by the manufacturer.

Course 501 Final Exam

Congratulations on finishing the coursework! To pass the exam, you must achieve a minimum score of 70%. It is OSHAcademy's policy to protect the integrity of our exams and, as a result, we do not provide missed questions to students. We do provide missed-question module section references for study should you wish to retake the exam.

After you have studied all of the course material and reviewed the "Study Questions" tab, you can take the final exam. The study questions are optional, but we highly recommend you review them, as the questions are similar to those on the final exam.

This is an open book exam. As you are taking the exam, if you find a question you are unsure of, you should use the course study guide or course web pages to research the correct answer. Don't worry if you fail the exam. You can study and retake the exam when you are ready.

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