COURSE 502: EM385-1-1 Safety & Health - Sections 14-19

Safety guides and audits to make your job as a safety professional easier


Welcome to the course. This is the third course in the 40-Hour EM385-1-1 Construction Safety Hazard Awareness Course for Contractors series and is designed to help you understand EM 385-1-1, Safety and Health Requirements, Sections 14-19. Note: Completion of courses 500-504 is equivalent to the 40-Hour Construction Safety Hazard Awareness for Contractors Course.

The purpose of the training is to enhance the awareness of proposed and alternate Site Safety & Health Officers (SSHOs) performing awarded construction, service, and environmental contract work, and to provide all contractor on-site personnel an opportunity to obtain adequate knowledge to assess unsafe worksite conditions.

This course is designed primarily for contractors who work with federal government projects, but may be helpful for anyone. This basic training is designed to help those with little or no prior safety and health training.

Here's how it works:

  1. Study each course module. To start, click on the course "Modules" tab above. On average, it takes about 30 minutes to one hour to complete each module. The entire course will take about 40 Hours to read the material, answer the study questions, and complete the final exam. The best strategy is to take your time and make sure you understand the course material.

  2. Answer the study questions. You can find the study questions within the "Study Questions" tab above or at the end of each study guide. Print the questions so that you can hunt for the answers as you read through the material.

  3. Complete and submit the course FINAL EXAM.

    • Final exams consist of 30 questions taken from the course.
    • The exam is OPEN BOOK. You can use your notes or the study guide to help answer questions you are unsure of.

    • You must pass the final exam with at least an 80% score.
    • If you do not pass the exam, you may retake the exam.
    • If you pass the exam, you may not retake the exam just to raise your score.
  4. Course 502 Certificate
    Frame not included.
  5. Order an Optional Certificate. If you want certification of your training, order a high quality certificate. Our training is free. We only charge a small fee to provide documentation of your training. To purchase certificates for the EM-385-1-1 program you must purchase the program certificates. To do so, make sure you are registered for the EM-385-1-1 program and click on the "purchase program" link next to the EM-385-1-1 program in your training dashboard.

If you have questions about the course materials as you study, just send us an email. We are here to help!

OK, Let's go!

Have fun and study hard. To start, just click on "Introduction" above.



EM385-1-1 prescribes the safety and health requirements for all Corps of Engineers activities and operations. The "EM" in the manual's title means Engineers Manual.

The Department of Defense has mandated that EM385-1-1 Safety & Health Requirements be the "primary document" for the safety parameters on all construction projects. Contractors working at military bases must comply with the requirements of USACE EM-385-1-1. All managers, supervisors, contractors, or construction personnel working on military contracts and any worker needing to be compliant with EM 385-1-1 regulations and compliance standards.

The manual applies to Headquarters, US Army Corps of Engineers (HQUSACE) elements, major subordinate commands, districts, centers, laboratories, and field operating activities (FOA), as well as USACE contracts and those administered on behalf of USACE. Applicability extends to occupational exposure for missions under the command of the Chief of Engineers, whether accomplished by military, civilian, or contractor personnel.

The information in this course references EM 385-1-1, dated 30 November 2014.

Course Objectives

This course will cover the topics in Sections 14-19 and will inform and help you understand the following information related to each of these Sections:

  • Contractor responsibilities for designing, developing, and deploying an effective safety and health program that complies with the requirements of the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)

  • The required plans, programs, policies, processes, and procedures that help to ensure hazard free work on USACE facilities and projects.

  • The needed knowledge and skills to manage programs, recognize hazards, prevent accidents, inspect and enforce regulatory requirements.

  • Identify the skills required to identify, prevent, and correct potential and actual safety and health hazards on construction worksites.

  • The basic knowledge and skills needed to effectively review, analyze and evaluate contractor Accident Prevention Plans (APP) and Activity Hazard Analysis (AHA)

  • The Skills required to perform effective incident and accident mishap investigations, properly document the facts, and implement safety and health requirements of EM385-1-1.

Getting Started

To begin your online training, just click on the "Modules" tab above and follow the simple instructions.


To continue, click on and download the first module study guide below. You'll receive a pdf copy of the chapter to study online or offline at your own pace. Tip: Copy and print the study questions (see tab) and hunt for the answers to the questions as your read the material.

Module 14 - Material Handling, Storage, and Disposal

Module 15 - Rigging

Module 16 - Load Handling Equipment

Module 17 - Conveyors

Module 18 - Vehicles, Machinery and Equipment

Module 19 - Floating Plant and Marine Activities

Course 502 Study Questions

As you read through each EM385-1-1 chapter, copy and print these Study Questions. Hunt for the answers to the questions as you read through the chapter. Doing this will make the training a little more interesting!

Chapter 14 Material Handling, Storage, and Disposal

  1. Which of the following is the highest priority when selecting a means for material handling?
  2. Materials will not be moved over or suspended above personnel unless positive precautions have been taken to protect the personnel from falling objects. True or False.
  3. Where the movement of materials may be hazardous to persons, __________ or other devices shall be used to control the loads being handled by hoisting equipment.
  4. Material shall be stacked as low as practical and in no case higher than __________ (6 m) unless otherwise specified in this Section.
  5. Stored lumber to be handled manually shall be stacked not more than __________ feet high.
  6. Pipe, unless racked, shall not be stacked higher than __________ (1.5 m).
  7. Work areas shall be inspected __________ for adequate housekeeping and findings shall be recorded.
  8. When welding or cutting operations occur above the nets, __________.
  9. When enclosed chutes or barricades are not used, waste materials and rubbish shall not be thrown down from a height of more than __________ (1.8 m).
  10. Seperate covered, self-closing, __________/__________ containers shall be provided for the collection of garbage, oily, flammable, and dangerous wastes.

Chapter 15 - Rigging

  1. Rigging equipment shall be inspected as specified by the manufacturer, by __________, before use on each shift and as necessary.
  2. Rigging equipment shall be inspected as specified ____ and as necessary during its use to ensure that it is safe.
  3. When hoisting loads, __________ shall be used to secure the load and rigging.
  4. Any worker engaged in duties and performance of rigging shall be a Qualified Rigger. A Qualified Rigger must meet what requirements?
  5. Any worker engaged in the duties and performance of rigging shall be a __________.
  6. Which of the following is used to perform a multiple lift?
  7. A lift using a Multiple Lift Rigging (MLR) Assembly is considered a critical lift requiring __________.
  8. Chain shall be inspected __________ when in use.
  9. Inspect chains on an __________ basis.
  10. Wire rope slings shall be inspected by a __________.
  11. Synthetic rope shall be inspected by a __________.
  12. When using synthetic rope slings in __________ or __________ consult with the sling manufacturer or Qualified Person.
  13. Synthetic rope shall not be used while __________.
  14. Synthetic rope slings shall be protected from abrasion by __________ where it is fastened or drawn over square corners or sharp or rough surfaces.
  15. Rigging hardware shall not be __________ once purchased.
  16. Job hooks, shop hooks and links, makeshift fasteners formed from bolts and rods, and other similar attachments __________.
  17. Hooks that show wear exceeding __________ or an increase in the throat opening of __________ shall be removed from service.

Chapter 16 - Load Handling Equipment

  1. Contractors shall submit a __________ for each piece of LHE prior to being brought on site.
  2. Contractors shall submit a COC for each piece of LHE __________.
  3. A written __________ shall be prepared for every lift or series of lifts (if duty cycle or routine lifts are being performed).
  4. All self-propelled LHE, whether moving alone or in combination, shall be __________.
  5. When must LHE belts, gears, shafts, pulleys, sprockets, spindles, drums, flywheels, chains, or other reciprocating, rotating, or moving parts of equipment be guarded?
  6. What actions must be performed when parking LHE on an inclined surface?
  7. Proof of qualification for LHE operators shall be provided by the __________ and designation __________.
  8. How is certification for all crane/hoist operators achieved?
  9. The operator’s certificate must identify the __________.
  10. Who may qualify a LHE signal person?
  11. Fixed cab telescopic hydraulic mobile cranes are classified as Class I. True or False.
  12. Class II crane operators are exempt from Physical Examination requirements when using the equipment to lift personnel. True or False.
  13. LHE inspections are generally conducted during which three intervals?
  14. How often must the CP visually inspect all LHE running ropes, counterweight ropes and load trolley (standing) ropes?
  15. Category I operational aids that are not working properly shall be repaired not later than __________ days after the deficiency occurs.
  16. Category II operational aids that are not working properly shall be repaired not later than __________ days after the deficiency occurs.
  17. To perform a critical lift, hoist the test load to ensure that the load is supported by the crane and held by the hoist brake(s) for a minimum of __________ minutes.
  18. To perform a critical lift, if there are no physical restrictions, swing the crane __________, with the test load.
  19. LHE load Testing shall be performed at __________ of the ANTICIPATED LOAD for the specified configuration.
  20. What documents must all LHE have with them at all times they are to be operated?
  21. Manual (hand) signals may be used when the distance between the LHE operator and signal person is not more than __________.
  22. The employer must ensure no part of the LHE, load line or load gets closer than __________ to the power line.
  23. Powered Industrial Truck (PIT)/Telehandler equipment is only allowed to raise/hoist personnel if allowed by __________.
  24. Personnel riding on hydraulic excavation equipment loads, hooks, hammers, buckets or other hydraulic excavating equipment attachment __________.
  25. The LHE work platform shall be capable of supporting, without failure, its own weight and __________.
  26. Prior to hoisting employees on HLE work platforms, the platform and rigging shall be proof tested to __________ of the platform’s rated capacity by holding it in a suspended position for __________ with the proof test load.

Chapter 17 - Conveyors

  1. Maintenance may never be performed when a conveyor is in operation (motion). True or False.
  2. Conveyor systems shall be equipped with a time-delay __________ warning signal to be sounded immediately before starting of the conveyor.
  3. All exposed moving machinery parts that present a hazard shall be mechanically or electrically guarded or guarded __________.
  4. Emergency stop buttons shall not be protected with collars or other devices which might make it __________.
  5. A conveyor that could cause injury when started shall not be started until __________.
  6. What action must be taken before restarting a conveyor that has been stopped because of an emergency?
  7. Riding on conveyors is prohibited unless performing maintenance testing. True or False.
  8. Personnel working with or near a conveyor should wear loose clothing to prevent being snagged by moving parts. True or False.

Chapter 18 - Vehicles, Machinery and Equipment

  1. __________, motor vehicles shall be checked by the operator to assure that parts, equipment, and accessories are in safe operating condition and free of apparent damage.
  2. Vehicles/equipment not meeting safe operating conditions shall be __________, its use prohibited until unsafe conditions have been corrected, and re-inspected before being placed in service again.
  3. Whenever visibility conditions warrant additional light, all vehicles, or combinations of vehicles, in use shall be equipped with __________, __________, __________, and __________.
  4. Commercial cargo vehicles or trucks must use a backup alarm at all times. True or False.
  5. __________ shall be provided where there is danger to persons from moving equipment, swinging loads, buckets, booms or similar.
  6. Fuel tanks shall be located in a manner that will not allow spills or overflows to run onto engine, exhaust, or electrical equipment. True or False.
  7. Exhaust or discharges from equipment shall be so directed that they do not endanger persons or obstruct the view of the signal person. True or False.
  8. Vehicles shall not be left unattended until the motor has been shut off, the key removed, parking brake set, and gear engaged in low, reverse, or park. True or False.
  9. Employees shall not be permitted to get between a towed vehicle and towing vehicle except when hooking or unhooking. True or False.
  10. When a bus, truck, or truck-trailer combination is parked or disabled on a highway or the adjacent shoulder during the daytime, only red flags shall be displayed. True or False.
  11. Vehicles shall not be loaded in a manner that obscures the driver’s view behind or which interferes with the safe operation of the vehicle. True or False.
  12. Explosives, flammable materials (excepting normal fuel supply), or toxic substances may not be transported in vehicles __________.
  13. Motorized vehicles and construction equipment intended for use on public roadways must have a windshield equipped with an __________.
  14. No one shall be permitted in the truck cab during loading operations except the driver, and only if the truck __________.
  15. Equipment parked __________ shall have the wheels chocked or track mechanisms blocked and the parking brake set.
  16. When a PIT is left unattended, load engaging means shall be fully lowered, __________, power shall be shut off, and __________.
  17. Drilling equipment shall be equipped with two easily accessible emergency shutdown devices, one for the operator and one for the helper. True or False.

Chapter 19 - Floating Plant and Marine Activities

  1. Officers and crew of a floating plant shall be in possession of a current, valid __________, which shall be posted in a public area on board the vessel, or correctly endorsed document.
  2. USCG approved personal flotation devices (PFDs) shall be worn by all personnel on decks __________, regardless of other safety devices used.
  3. On floating plants, the first set of emergency drills shall be conducted within __________ of the vessel's occupancy or commencement of work.
  4. Person overboard or rescue drills shall be held at least __________ at boat yards, locks, dams, and other locations where marine rescue equipment is required.
  5. What must be provided on working decks, stair treads, ship ladders, platforms, catwalks, and walkways, particularly on the weather side of doorways opening on deck?
  6. What must all open cabin launches or motorboats be equipped with?
  7. Smoking, open flames, or other ignition sources shall be prohibited on lock structures within __________ of "Red Flag" vessels.

Course 502 Final Exam

Congratulations on finishing the coursework! To pass the exam, you must achieve a minimum score of 70%. It is OSHAcademy's policy to protect the integrity of our exams and, as a result, we do not provide missed questions to students. We do provide missed-question module section references for study should you wish to retake the exam.

After you have studied all of the course material and reviewed the "Study Questions" tab, you can take the final exam. The study questions are optional, but we highly recommend you review them, as the questions are similar to those on the final exam.

This is an open book exam. As you are taking the exam, if you find a question you are unsure of, you should use the course study guide or course web pages to research the correct answer. Don't worry if you fail the exam. You can study and retake the exam when you are ready.

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Course 501 Study Guide. You can save this study guide to your computer for offline studying, or print the study guide if you prefer.