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Confined Space Entry Team


The employer must provide adequate training and equipment.

Entry into a permit-required confined space is a team effort, and entry team members must have the knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) to safely enter and work in the confined space. The entry team is composed of:

  1. the entrant(s) - the person or persons who will enter and perform work in the confined space;
  2. the attendant - the person who remains at the confined space entry and monitors entrant status;
  3. the entry supervisor - responsible for the permit and all confined space activities, and
  4. designated rescue personnel - if assigned by the employer, they are on duty and ready to perform rescue activities.

It is the responsibility of the employer to:

  • identify and assign entry team members;
  • make sure hands-on training of entry team members is completed before first entry;
  • make sure medical evaluations, fit testing, and respirator training is conducted; and
  • ensure entry and rescue teams have adequate personal protective and rescue equipment.

1. Which member of the confined space entry team remains at the entrance to the confined space to monitor status?

a. Entrant
b. Attendant
c. Supervisor
d. Rescuer

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Confined Space Entry Supervisor Responsibilities

The Confined Space Entry Supervisor holds a key position with important responsibilities. This position is in charge of confined space work and should:

entry team
  • Ensure requirements for entry have been completed before access is authorized
  • Authorize access and overseeing entry operations
  • Ensure confined space monitoring is performed by personnel qualified and trained in confined space entry procedures
  • Ensure a list of monitoring equipment and personnel qualified to operate the equipment is maintained by the employer
  • Ensure that the rescue team has simulated a rescue in a confined space within the past twelve months
  • Know the hazards that may be faced during entry, including the mode, signs or symptoms, and consequences of exposure
  • Fill out a permit when it is required
  • Determine the entry requirements and that conditions are acceptable for entry
  • Notify all involved employees of the permit requirements
  • Post the permit in a conspicuous location near the job
  • Renew the permit or have it reissued as needed (a new permit is required every shift)
  • Determine the number of attendants required to perform the work

2. Who is in charge of authorizing entry and overseeing entry operations at a construction confined space site?

a. Attendant
b. Safety officer
c. Entry supervisor
d. Rescue team manager

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Confined Space Entry Supervisor Responsibilities (Continued)

  • Perform duties as the confined space attendant if required
  • Ensure the attendant knows how to communicate with the entrants and how to obtain assistance
  • Ensure measures are in place to keep unauthorized personnel clear of the area
  • Post any required barriers and signs
  • Remain alert to changing conditions that might affect the conditions of the permits, (i.e., require additional atmospheric monitoring or changes in personal protective equipment)
  • Serve as an attendant, as long as the person is trained and equipped appropriately for that role
  • Change and reissue the permit, or issue a new permit as necessary
  • Ensure periodic atmospheric monitoring is done according to permit requirements
  • Ensure that personnel doing the work and all support personnel adhere to permit requirements
  • Ensure the permit is canceled when the work is done
  • Ensure the confined space is safely closed and all workers are cleared from the area
  • Check the work at least twice a shift to verify and document permit requirements are being observed.
  • Ensure necessary information on chemical hazards is kept at the work site for the employees or rescue team
  • Ensure a rescue team is available and instructed in their rescue duties (e.g., an on-site team or a prearranged outside rescue service)
  • Ensure at least one member of the rescue team has a current certification in first aid and CPR
  • Terminate entry procedures as required

3. How often must the entry supervisor check and document work within the confined space?

a. Continuously through the shift
b. At least twice each work shift
c. At least once each work shift
d. At least once each workday

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Confined Space Entrant Responsibilities

Employees who are granted permission to enter a confined space should:

  • Read and observe the entry permit requirements
  • Stay alert to the hazards that could be encountered in a confined space
  • Use the protective equipment required by the permit

Confined space entrants must immediately exit the confined space when:

  • Ordered to do so by the attendant
  • Automatic alarms sound
  • They perceive they are in danger
  • They notice physiological stresses or changes in themselves or co-workers (e.g., dizziness, blurred vision, shortness of breath)

4. What must all confined space entrants do if one entrant is dizzy or short of breath?

a. Check the entrant's respirator
b. Ask the entrant if he or she can continue
c. Monitor the entrant to see if the condition worsens
d. Immediately exit the confined space

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Confined Space Attendant Responsibilities

The Attendant should be stationed outside the workspace and should:

  • Be knowledgeable of, and be able to recognize potential confined space hazards;
  • Maintain a sign-in/sign-out log with a count of all persons in the confined space and ensure all entrants sign-in/sign-out;
  • Monitor surrounding activities to ensure the safety of personnel;
  • Maintain effective and continuous communication with personnel during confined space entry, work and exit;
  • Order personnel to evacuate the confined space if he/she:
    • Observes a condition that is not allowed on the entry permit;
    • Notices the entrants acting strangely, possibly as a result of exposure to hazardous substances;
    • Notices a situation outside the confined space which could endanger personnel;
    • Detects within the confined space a hazard that has not been previously recognized or taken into consideration;
    • Must leave his/her work station; or
    • Must focus attention on the rescue of personnel in some other confined space that he/she is monitoring;
  • Immediately summon the Rescue Team if crew rescue becomes necessary; and
  • Keep unauthorized persons out of the confined space, order them out, or notify authorized personnel of the unauthorized entry.

5. Who is responsible for ensuring all entrants sign in and sign out?

a. Supervisor
b. Attendant
c. Safety officer
d. Entrant

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Confined Space Rescue Team Responsibilities

The Rescue Team members should meet the following requirements:

  • Complete a training drill using mannequins or personnel in a simulation of the confined space prior to the issuance of an entry permit for any confined space and at least annually after that.
  • Respond immediately to rescue calls from the Attendant or any other person recognizing a need for rescue from the confined space.
  • In addition to emergency response training, receive the same training as that required of the authorized entrants.
  • At least one member of the rescue team must hold current certification in first-aid and CPR.

In the next module, we will go more in-depth about confined space rescues.

6. In addition to emergency response training, rescue team members must receive the same training as that required by _____.

a. the authorized entrant
b. the confined space attendant
c. the confined space supervisor
d. the rescue team coordinator

Check your Work

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