Vaccine Injection
The Hepatitis B vaccine is considered one of the safest vaccines available.

Hepatitis B (HBV) Immunization

Getting vaccinated

The best way to prevent hepatitis B is by getting vaccinated.

The hepatitis B vaccine is considered one of the safest and most effective vaccines ever made. Numerous studies looking at the vaccine's safety have been conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

Your employer must offer you a hepatitis B vaccination series if you have a risk of occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials. Your employer must pay for the cost of the vaccination series. You must be offered the vaccination before you undertake tasks that expose you to potentially infectious materials, and at a reasonable time and location.

1. When should your employer offer the vaccination for HBV?

a. If you may be exposed to human blood or OPIM
b. Within one week of hire and assignment
c. After you are exposed to bloodborne pathogens
d. After you are exposed to OPIM

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Vaccine Injection

Three shots!

The hepatitis B immunization series requires three separate injections.

The hepatitis B vaccine is very effective in protecting against the hepatitis B virus. Approximately 90 percent of people who receive the vaccine will become fully immune to the virus. It is given in a series of three shots. The entire series of shots is required to provide full immunity. The vaccine is safe with very few adverse reactions.

Typical Vaccination Schedule: The first injection can be administered at any given time. The second injection must be given at least 1 month after the first, and the third injection must be given 6 months after the first.

2. The second injection for the HBV vaccination should be given at least _____ after the first.

a. 1 month
b. 3 weeks
c. 2 weeks
d. 1 week

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Medical Professional

A licensed physician or other healthcare professional will perform or supervise the vaccinations.

Your employer does not have to offer you the vaccination series if you have previously received the complete series or have tested as immune to HBV.

You can decline the vaccination for hepatitis B after being informed of the risks and benefits.  To do this, you must sign a declination form. If you initially decline the vaccination for hepatitis B, you can later request it from your employer at no charge.

There are currently two vaccines used to prevent hepatitis B infection in the United States. Neither vaccine contains blood products. You cannot get hepatitis B from these vaccines.

3. If you wish to decline the vaccination for Hepatitis B, you must _____.

a. quit the job
b. tell your supervisor
c. sign a declination form
d. don't attend the scheduled appointment

Check your Work

Read the material in each section to find the correct answer to each quiz question. After answering all the questions, click on the "Check Quiz Answers" button to grade your quiz and see your score. You will receive a message if you forgot to answer one of the questions. After clicking the button, the questions you missed will be listed below. You can correct any missed questions and check your answers again.

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Scenario

Tony has just been accepted to a local paramedic training program. Before beginning the program, the school requires students to receive the Hepatitis B vaccination and pay for it themselves.

Is the school required to pay for the vaccination?

No.

Typically, only employers are required to pay for the hepatitis B vaccination series. Post-secondary schools can require the vaccination series as an admissions requirement and require the applicant to pay for the cost. There have been instances where public school districts (K-12) have been required to pay for the vaccination series if there is a potential for the student to be exposed to bloodborne pathogens as part of their coursework.

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