Let's define the term. The "role" you play is a term that describes who you are. In the workplace, your role is usually described as a position. You may be the employer, a manager, supervisor, trainer, and/or a safety committee member. And, it's likely you will play more than one role at the same time.
Each role that you play confers upon you certain responsibilities and expectations by others (what they believe to be your mission). The role you play at work sets certain boundaries of acceptable behavior within the workplace. A popular superstar may behave in a manner that you or I would not consider appropriate because, well, that's what they are.
Now, let's focus on the various roles a trainer might play. The American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) study, Models for Excellence, listed the following roles that trainers typically perform:
The American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) study, Models for Excellence, also listed the following roles that trainers typically perform:
Unfortunately, the only role that is not listed in the ASTD study is that of a "Leader." Trainers perform the role of leader by setting the proper example of professionalism not only in the classroom, but in the workplace as well.
According to ANSI Z490.1-2016, trainers should be "competent" in developing and implementing the various elements of a safety training program. Trainers can gain competency by achieving an appropriate level of technical knowledge, skills, and abilities in the subjects they teach. They can gain these skills through training, continuing education and, of course, on the job experience.
Trainers should be competent in effective safety training delivery techniques and methods that are appropriate to employee learning preferences. They should be able to apply adult learning principles appropriate to the target audience and the learning objectives.
It's important to document trainer competency by maintaining course completion certificates, experience records, licensing, and other documents. The methods used to document trainer competency is left to the discretion of the employer.
Source: ANSI/ASSE Z490.1-2016, para 5.1 Trainer Criteria
OSHA's safety and health requirements frequently use specific terms to identify the different categories of workers who must meet specific training requirements.
Instructors should be deemed competent on the basis of the criteria below:
1910.120(e)(5) Qualifications for trainers. Trainers shall be qualified to instruct employees about the subject matter that is being presented in training. Such trainers shall have satisfactorily completed a training program for teaching the subjects they are expected to teach, or they shall have the academic credentials and instructional experience necessary for teaching the subjects. Instructors shall demonstrate competent instructional skills and knowledge of the applicable subject matter.
Instructors should be required to maintain professional competency by participating in continuing education or professional development programs or by successfully completing an annual refresher course and having an annual review by a training director or other competent manager.
The annual review should include observation of an instructor's delivery, a review of those observations with the trainer, and an analysis of any instructor or class evaluations completed by the students during the previous year.
Source: 1910.120 App E, Training Curriculum Guidelines - (Non-mandatory)
First-line supervisors and managers play a crucial role in safety and health protection because of their responsibility for workers and for the work being performed. Effective training of supervisors and managers will address their safety and health management responsibilities as well as information on hazards, hazard prevention, and response to emergencies. Although they may have other safety and health responsibilities, supervisors and managers should be fully involved in training safety to send a strong message of personal leadership.Bottom line: If managers and supervisors can't train safety, how in the world can they manage it?
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