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Course 706 - Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)

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Write the Safe Job Procedure (SJP)

Safety requires personal discipline.


The safe job procedure is the final result or product of the JHA process. The safe job procedure is an excellent document to use as a training lesson plan. In fact, you might include the safe job procedures you've developed as part of the safety training plan.

If the safe job procedure is poorly written and hard to understand (doesn't pass the "dummy test"), the JHA may not be effective as an on-the-job training tool. It's important to write a clear, concise, and concrete safe job procedure. So, let's take a look at some of the best strategies in writing safe job procedures.

Points to Remember

A good SJP paints a word picture.

Write in a step-by-step format. Usually, this means writing a number of paragraphs. Each paragraph should attempt to :

    1. Describe the step. Remember each step is describing one action. For example, you might say, "Grasp the breaker switch and move it from the on to the off position (down)."

    2. Point out the hazard. If a step includes exposure to a hazard, there are four parts to the step:

      1. describe the action
      2. identify the hazard
      3. describe the possible injury the hazard could cause
      4. identify the safety precaution to prevent the injury

For instance, you would continue the warning by saying, "Grasp the breaker switch and move it from the on to the off position (down). To prevent a possible serious burn injury if an arc flash occurs, be sure you turn your head and look away as you flip the breaker switch."

More Points to Remember

Napo and PPE
  • Paint a word picture - concrete vs. abstract. The idea is to write the procedure in such a way that someone who is not familiar with the task can actually "see" each step occur. When writing safe job procedures, we tend to write in a technical style because it seems to be more "efficient." However, if you are going to use the safe job procedure as a lesson plan for conducting safety training, it's probably a good idea to write in a more interesting conversational style.

  • Write in the second person. For example, say "Be sure you...". Try to avoid writing in the third person such as, "Be sure the worker...". In most steps you won't have to worry about this because the person you are writing to is implied.

  • Write in the present tense. Say "take" rather than "should be taken." This helps to create the word picture and streamline the safe job procedure.

  • Write as clearly as possible. Say "use" rather than "utilize." Replacing more complex words with simple words helps to make sure your employees comprehend the material.

  • If you use acronyms or jargon, make sure the meaning of the acronym is spelled out when first used. Make sure jargon is explained on first use.

Still More Points to Remember

Include notes, cautions and warnings in the SJP.
  • Remind the worker why it is important to do the step safely. Unfortunately, OSHA rules do not emphasize this important part of the training. Nevertheless, you should always discuss the natural and system consequences of the employee's personal behavior. Remember, there is no successful safety management system without effective accountability.

  • Include notes, cautions, warnings. Tell the employee about the dangers and safety precautions to reduce the dangers in each step. Doing this also helps to emphasize the costs (injury, illness) and benefits (health) of using safety precautions.

  • Keep sentences short. Grammar checker software can help you do this. Usually, a sentence of 7-15 words is adequate.

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Sample JHA Worksheet

There you have it: A completed JHA. Well, it's a very simple one, but you get the idea. It's time now to take your quiz and then we'll cover important points related to improving the JHA. Just click on the quiz tab above.


Before beginning this quiz, we highly recommend you review the module material. This quiz is designed to allow you to self-check your comprehension of the module content, but only focuses on key concepts and ideas.

Read each question carefully. Select the best answer, even if more than one answer seems possible. When done, click on the "Get Quiz Answers" button. If you do not answer all the questions, you will receive an error message.

Good luck!

1. If the safe job procedure is hard to understand, the JHA may not be as effective as _____.

2. If a step includes exposure to a hazard, which of the following is NOT one of the four parts to the step?

3. Write the safe job procedure in the _____ person.

4. Which of the following should be included in the SJP?

5. Including notes, cautions, and warnings in the SJP help to emphasize which of the following?

Have a great day!

Important! You will receive an "error" message unless all questions are answered.