Periodically reviewing your job hazard analysis ensures that it remains current and continues to help reduce workplace accidents and injuries. Even if the job has not changed, it is possible that during the review process you will identify hazards that were not identified in the initial analysis.
It is particularly important to review your job hazard analysis if an illness or injury occurs on a specific job. Based on the circumstances, you may determine that you need to change the job procedure to prevent similar incidents in the future. If an employee's failure to follow proper job procedures results in a "close call," discuss the situation with all employees who perform the job and remind them of proper procedures.
Any time you revise a job hazard analysis, it is important to train all employees affected by the changes in the new job methods, procedures, or protective measures adopted.
If your employees are involved in many different or complex processes, you may need professional help conducting your job hazard analyses. Sources of help include your insurance company, the local fire department, and private consultants with safety and health expertise. Some state OSHA agencies may offer assistance through consultation services.
Even when you receive outside help, it is important that you and your employees remain involved in the process of identifying and correcting hazards because you are on the worksite every day and most likely to encounter these hazards. New circumstances and a recombination of existing circumstances may cause old hazards to reappear and new hazards to appear. In addition, you and your employees must be ready and able to implement whatever hazard elimination or control measures a professional consultant recommends.
Ergonomics. To improve the JHAs and its related SJP, think about the "ergonomics" of the job. Find ways to further reduce lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, carrying, throwing, holding, twisting, or tasks using force. A SJP should remove any unnecessary actions and prevent the need to do things more than once if possible. There should be as little heavy carrying as possible and also include rest breaks if needed. If feasible, provide mechanical aids such as hoists, adjustable workbenches, and hooks. Make sure tools and equipment are position so that they are in easy reach.
Subject Matter Experts (SME). A solid JHA improvement process will make good use of the experience and knowledge of workers and subject matter experts (SMEs) various safety and health specialties to review the tasks and identify new hazards. SMEs provide a level of involvement as experts in their field. They can effectively review the tasks and the hazards identified to determine the proper set of controls required. Workers and SMEs can also help improve the methods to communicate instructions or procedures.
Training. Any time you revise a job hazard analysis, it is important to train all employees affected by the changes in the new job methods, procedures, or protective measures adopted.
To further improve the quality of your JHA program, you may want to establish a formal JHA Team.
The JHA Team membership might consist of:
The JHA Team might be responsible for: