To set the foundation for the rest of the course, let's take a look at a few OSHA rules regarding Safety Committee Duties and Functions. Federal OSHA has not published mandatory rules requiring safety committees. Some "State Plan" states require safety committees and Federal/Provincial OSH agencies in Canada also require safety committees. Let's start with some of the State Plan rules.
If you have 20 or fewer employees you must have at least 2 members. If you have more than 20 employees you must have at least 4 members.
You must have an equal number of employer-selected members and employee-elected or volunteer members. If both parties agree, the committee may have more employee-elected or volunteer members.
The safety committee members must:
Your safety committee must meet on company time as follows:
You must keep written records of each safety committee meeting for three years that include:
All safety and health issues discussed, including tools, equipment, work environment, and work practice hazards;
Recommendations for corrective action and a reasonable date by which management agrees to respond;
Each section in this course will include a quiz question at the bottom of the page. In the last section, you'll be able to check your score and retake the quiz if desired. Be sure to answer all questions or you won't see your score. To improve your score after you get results, just go back through the sections and change your answers. Do not refresh these pages or you'll have to answer all questions again.
Follow these rules to conduct safety meetings. You must:
Do the following for safety meetings.
Cover these topics.
Evaluate the accident investigations conducted since the last meeting to determine if the cause(s) of the unsafe situation was identified and corrected.
Evaluate your workplace accident and illness prevention program and discuss recommendations for improvement, if needed.
The Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations SOR/86-304, requires safety committees for individual work places.
Each work place health and safety committee is required to meet 9 times a year, at regular intervals and during regular working hours. If circumstances make additional meetings necessary, they should be held during or outside regular hours, whatever is required. The committee is led by two chairpersons, one of whom is chosen by the employer-members and the other by the employee-members.
Okay, so the rules aren't that interesting. That's because they're typically written by lawyers for lawyers for the benefit of lawyers (a little lawyer humor there ;-).
Notice that the previous rules require a certain level of management commitment to workplace health and safety. What is commitment? In this course it means investing the time and money it takes for safety committees to meet regularly. Remember, every employer activity requires a commitment of resources.
It's important for safety committees to return the biggest "bang for the buck" possible to the employer. They do that by making sure safety committee meetings are effective. What does "effective" mean here? In this context, it may be thought of as producing well-written recommendations for improving safety programs.
If your employer sees value in conducting safety committee meetings, the time and money invested in safety committee meetings will increase. If the employer sees the safety committee meeting as a waste of time, don't expect enthusiastic commitment. Let's discuss ways to fine-tune safety committee meetings so they produce valuable results.
As you can see, most safety committees must meet once a month. Most, but not all committees meet once a month. Some meet more often. Remember, you can always do things that "exceed" OSHA minimum requirements. A basic guideline in determining how frequent to meet states, "the greater the risk (or change) in the workplace, the more frequently we should meet."
The degree of risk in the workplace is determined by evaluating probability, severity, and exposure. You can find more on this topic in Online Course 704, Hazard Analysis and Control. For instance, in many situations like construction sites, logging operations, and some types of manufacturing, safety committees find it wise to meet more often than once a month.
Absolutely! Best practices suggests that it's most effective if the safety committee conducts a meeting immediately after the inspection to:
We occasionally hear confusion about what constitutes a safety meeting vs a safety committee meeting. There is a difference:
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