Skip Navigation

Course 716 - Safety Management System Evaluation

6    7    8    9    10    11    12    Course Homepage     Final Exam      Contact Instructor     Website Homepage
Safety guides and audits to make your job as a safety professional easier

_____34. Employees receive appropriate safety and health training.

Discussion

  • The focus of this element is on non-supervisory and non-managerial employees, i.e. workers. Training of supervisors and managers is addressed in Attributes 36-39.
  • The term "training" is used in this element as generic shorthand for any and all types of safety and health learning. It is not limited to skill development as normally associated with that word. Training may be formal or informal, and it may include methods as diverse as off-site workshops, OJT, and job aids.
  • The evaluator should look for an organized safety and health training effort that identifies any training needs, determines the best way to meet those needs, delivers the needed training in a timely manner, and evaluates the effectiveness of the training provided. Viewed in this way, training becomes an organizational safety and health task that can be systematically assessed under Attributes 26-33.

_____35. New employee orientation includes applicable safely and health information.

Discussion

  • If the employer does not provide employee orientation, a rating of "0" should be assigned to this element. Likewise, a rating of "0" is appropriate if orientation is provided without safety and health information.
  • An orientation session is not expected to cover all of the detailed and job-specific safety and health information needed by every new employee. Orientation is not a substitute for the training assessed in Attribute 34. At a minimum, however, orientation should cover the employer‘s announced safety and health policy, general safety and health rules, major hazards and protections, and emergency procedures. Re-orientation may be necessary when an employee changes job duties, if the change involves significant new hazards, protections, or emergency procedures.
  • A rating of "3" on this element is indicated only when orientation is provided that includes appropriate safety and health information for both new employees and, as needed, for employees who are assuming new duties.

_____36. Supervisors receive appropriate safety and health training.

Discussion

  • The term "supervisor" means the first-line supervisor. These individuals are close to the work and have direct responsibility for personnel doing the work. In very small organizations, the supervisor is probably the owner/operator. The first prerequisite for effective safety and health supervision is an understanding of the hazards, protections, and emergency procedures associated with the supervised work.
  • The evaluator should look for the same type of organized safety and health training effort provided for employees (Attribute 34).
Just a reminder: All assignments and quiz questions must be completed to receive credit for the course.

_____37. Supervisors receive training that covers the supervisory aspects of their safety and health responsibilities.

Discussion

  • Supervisory effectiveness is key to safety and health performance. Although supervisors may have job-related knowledge of hazards, protections, and emergency procedures, this is often not enough. They need to be able to train and motivate their subordinates to recognize the hazards, use the protective measures, and follow the emergency procedures. The supervisory skills needed to accomplish this are rarely included in hazard-based training. Supervisors may need coaching or specialized training to acquire these skills. Training that develops supervisory skill may be general or, ideally, directed to safety and health issues.
  • Supervisory training is characteristic of the highest performing safety and health systems, and it contributes incrementally to excellence in these systems once the related basic elements, particularly Attributes 2, 3, 4, 12, 14, 15, and 16 are in place.

_____38. Safety and health training is provided to managers.

Discussion
  • The term "managers" includes top managers and middle managers.
  • Training for managers should be sufficient to provide for their personal safety and health. It should also be adequate for them to exercise leadership roles regarding safety and health issues throughout the workplace.
  • The evaluator should look for the same type of organized safety and health training effort provided for employees (Attribute 34).

_____39. Relevant safety and health aspects are integrated into management training.

Discussion

  • The premise of this element is that managers who understand both the way and extent to which effective safety and health protection impacts the overall effectiveness of the business itself are far more likely to ensure that the safety and health management system operates as needed.
  • Integrating relevant safety and health aspects into management training is characteristic of the highest performing safety and health systems, and it contributes incrementally to excellence in these systems once the basic elements are in place.
  • This element should be assessed primarily with interviews with managers, especially the top manager. These interviews should query the manager‘s familiarity and concern with your organization‘s current loss status, including both direct and indirect losses, and how your organization‘s record compares to the performance of other companies in the same business and about the same size. Managers in organizations with high safety and health performance should be aware of the financial incentive to continue performing well. Managers should appreciate the positive effect of safety and health on employee recruitment, turnover, absenteeism, productivity, and morale. Assessment and rating of this element by interviews is inherently subjective. In making a judgment, the evaluator should consider what the interviews have revealed about both the degree to which management comprehends the business consequences of safety and health performance and the extent to which that unders! tanding is held by the various individual managers.