The Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP) recognizes small employers who operate an exemplary safety and health management system. Acceptance into SHARP by OSHA is an achievement of status that will single you out among your business peers as a model for worksite safety and health. Upon receiving SHARP recognition, your worksite will be exempt from programmed inspections during the period that your SHARP certification is valid.
To participate in SHARP, you must:
After you satisfy all SHARP requirements, the Consultation Project Manager in your state may recommend your worksite for final SHARP approval and certification. The state and OSHA will formally recognize your worksite at a SHARP awards ceremony.
When you are initially certified as a SHARP site, you will be granted an exemption up to 2 years. After your initial certification, you may request SHARP renewal for up to 3 years, provided that you:
If you meet most but not all of the SHARP eligibility criteria and are committed to working toward full SHARP approval, you may be recommended by your state Consultation Project Manager for an inspection deferral of up to 18 months if:
It's time to get familiar with the various program elements of the SMS that are evaluated as part of the Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP). Believe me, if you complete and "pass" this evaluation, your SMS is probably designed and performing more effectively than most. The rest of this course will introduce you to 58 elements that are commonly evaluated in a SHARP Audit and offer important suggestions for each element. Relax. You are not actually going to have to conduct an audit as part of this course.
As part of the SHARP audit, OSHA consultants use the Safety and Health Program Assessment (SHPA) Worksheet to assess the quality of an SMS. (From here on, we'll refer to it as the "Worksheet.") It is a tool that helps the evaluator objectively review and evaluate the 58 SHARP elements. Each element is considered critical to the effectiveness of one or more programs in the SMS. To arrive at a conclusion about the quality of each element, the evaluator analyzes a number of characteristics or "attributes."
The worksheet included in this course divides the elements into the following seven categories:
Elements - Each of the 58 elements throughout the seven categories is presented as a positive statement about the quality of a specific program. Each statement is a "benchmark" typical of highly effective safety management systems.
Attributes - An attribute is a specific fact or perception used by the evaluator to rate an element. Each attribute describes an effect: an observable/measurable condition or behavior which either confirms (supports) or negates (fails to support) the element's statement.
Here are a couple of sample attributes associated with Element 1:
a. The surveys are conducted frequently enough to timely and effectively address hazards. (describes an observed activity)
b. The survey results in effective controls for hazards found. (describes an observed condition)
Rating the Elements - Analyzing the Attributes
OSHA consultants use these attributes as part of their SHARP Audit. If a large number of confirming attributes are present, the cause is assumed to be the condition or activity described in the associated element. You may want to include other attributes as well those presented in this course. Use these attributes in addition to the "tips" listed under each element within the course.
Take a look at the table below. It shows the rating scale, a definition, and the criteria for the rating. Here's how it works.
The evaluator's conclusion is entered as one four numeric ratings (0, 1, 2, or 3). Some evaluators may also use the "NE" or "NA" ratings. However, OSHA evaluator's use only the numeric ratings.
To rate an element, the evaluator enters one of the ratings listed to the right next to the element's statement.
For a detailed look at each of the 58 Elements, click on the Course Home Page and open Modules 6-12.
You're in luck! There is no review quiz and no questions on the final exam for this module. If you're ready, go to the course home page and take the final exam!