Fire Prevention Plan (FPP) Purpose
The purpose of this Fire Prevention Plan is to eliminate the causes of fire, prevent loss of life and property by fire, and to comply with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) standard on fire prevention, 29 CFR 1910.39. It provides employees with information and guidelines that will assist them in recognizing, reporting, and controlling fire hazards.
It describes the fuel sources (hazardous or other materials) on site that could initiate or contribute both to the spread of a fire, as well as the building systems, such as fixed fire extinguishing systems and alarm systems, in place to control the ignition or spread of a fire.
The FPP Works For Your Company
This Fire Prevention Plan serves to reduce the risk of fires at your workplace in the following ways:
- The FPP identifies materials that are potential fire hazards and their proper handling and storage procedures.
- It distinguishes potential ignition sources and the proper control procedures of those materials.
- The plan describes fire protection equipment and/or systems used to control fire hazards.
- It identifies persons responsible for maintaining the equipment and systems installed to prevent or control ignition of fires.
- The FPP identifies persons responsible for the control and accumulation of flammable or combustible material.
- It describes good housekeeping procedures necessary to insure the control of accumulated flammable and combustible waste material and residues to avoid a fire emergency.
- The plan provides training to employees with regard to fire hazards to which they may be exposed.
Management and Employee FPP Responsibilites
Fire safety is everyone's responsibility. All employees should know how to prevent and respond to fires, and are responsible for adhering to company policy regarding fire emergencies.
Management: Management determines fire prevention and protection policies. Managers should provide adequate hazard controls to provide a safe workplace. Managers should also provide adequate resources and training to employees to encourage fire prevention and the safest possible response in the event of a fire emergency.
Plan Administrator: This person maintains all records pertaining to the plan. The Plan Administrator should also:
- Develop and administer the fire prevention training program.
- Ensure that fire control equipment and systems are appropriate and properly maintained.
- Control fuel source hazards in the workplace.
- Conduct fire risk surveys and make recommendations for improvement.
Supervisors: Supervisors ensure that employees receive appropriate fire safety training. Supervisors should notify the plan administrator when changes in operation increase the risk of fire. They are also responsible for enforcing fire prevention and protection policies.
Employees: All employees should complete all required training before working without supervision. It's important that employees also:
- Conduct operations safely to limit the risk of fire.
- Report potential fire hazards to their supervisors.
- Follow fire emergency procedures.
FPP Implementation Tips
To limit the risk of fires, good housekeeping is critical. All employees should take the following precautions:
- Minimize the storage of combustible materials.
- Make sure that doors, hallways, stairs, and other exit routes are kept free of obstructions.
- Dispose of combustible waste in covered, airtight, metal containers.
- Use and store flammable materials in well-ventilated areas away from ignition sources.
- Use only nonflammable cleaning products.
- Keep incompatible (i.e., chemically reactive) substances away from each other.
- Perform "hot work" (i.e., welding or working with an open flame or other ignition sources) in controlled and well-ventilated areas.
- Keep equipment in good working order (i.e., inspect electrical wiring and appliances regularly and keep motors and machine tools free of dust and grease.
- Ensure that heating units are safeguarded.
- Report all gas leaks immediately. A responsible person shall ensure that all gas leaks are repaired immediately upon notification.
- Repair and clean up flammable liquid leaks immediately.
- Keep work areas free of dust, lint, sawdust, scraps, and similar material.
- Do not rely on extension cords if wiring improvements are needed, and take care not to overload circuits with multiple pieces of equipment.
- Ensure that required hot work permits are obtained.
- Turn off electrical equipment when not in use.
Creating an Effective FPP
Of course, everyone should be properly trained, and the plan should be exercised regularly. Another key component is to make sure FPP equipment is properly maintained.
The plan administrator or another assigned person should ensure that all tools, equipment and machinery are maintained according to manufacturers' specifications.
Management should ensure everyone complies with the requirements of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) codes for specific equipment. Only properly trained individuals should perform maintenance work.
The following equipment is subject to the maintenance, inspection, and testing procedures:
- equipment installed to detect fuel leaks, control heating, and control pressurized systems;
- portable fire extinguishers, automatic sprinkler systems, and fixed extinguishing systems;
- detection systems for smoke, heat, or flame;
- fire alarm systems; and
- emergency backup systems and the equipment they support.
Written Plan Components
Sample Fire Prevention Plan
(Click to enlarge)
A fire prevention plan must be in writing, be kept in the workplace, and be made available to employees for review. However, according to OSHA, if you have 10 or fewer employees you may communicate the plan orally to employees.
At a minimum, your fire prevention plan must include:
- A list of all major fire hazards, proper handling and storage procedures for hazardous materials, potential ignition sources and their control, and the type of fire protection equipment necessary to control each major hazard;
- Procedures to control accumulations of flammable and combustible waste materials;
- Procedures for regular maintenance of safeguards installed on heat-producing equipment to prevent the accidental ignition of combustible materials;
- The name or job title of employees responsible for maintaining equipment to prevent or control sources of ignition or fires; and
- The name or job title of employees responsible for the control of fuel source hazards.
An employer must inform employees upon initial assignment to a job of the fire hazards to which they are exposed. An employer must also review with each employee those parts of the fire prevention plan necessary for self-protection.