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FPP Evaluation

FPP Violations

When evaluating any safety plan, it makes good sense to check all program components, especially those program components that OSHA cites most often.

The following are some of the most common fire code and OSHA program violations found during inspections. Please be sure to walk through your facility and correct any conditions which fail to meet these requirements.

1. When evaluating safety plans, check all program components, especially those program components _____.

a. that are most often ignored
b. that point to who is causing program weaknesses
c. that OSHA cites most often
d. that OSHA encourages you to check

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Housekeeping

dumpster
  • Combustible material should not be stored in boiler rooms, mechanical rooms or electrical equipment rooms.
  • Combustible materials should not be stored in exits or exit enclosures.
  • Outside dumpsters should be kept at least 5 feet away from combustible walls, windows, doors, overhangs and lid should be closed.
  • Combustible storage should be at least 2 feet below the ceiling or 18 inches below sprinkler heads.
  • Compressed gas containers, cylinders and tanks should be secured to prevent falling.
  • Storage is not allowed near electrical panels or in electrical equipment rooms.

2. Which of the following is a good housekeeping work practice?

a. Combustible items stored in exits
b. Unsecured storage of compressed gas cylinders
c. Dumpsters at least 5 feet from walls
d. Storage near electrical panels

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Exits

exitblocked
  • Exit ways and doors should not be visually or physically obstructed.
  • Exit ways and doors should be unlocked when building is occupied.
  • Emergency lighting systems should be functional.
  • Fire assemblies should not be obstructed or otherwise impaired from their proper operation at any time.
  • Main door should have a sign above door stating "THIS DOOR TO REMAIN UNLOCKED WHEN BUILDING IS OCCUPIED."
  • Exit door should not be blocked.
  • Exit signs should be illuminated as required.
  • Items should not be stored in hallways.

3. All of the following are important items related to exits to check during FPP evaluation EXCEPT _____.

a. exits lights are functional
b. exits are not blocked
c. "KEEP DOOR LOCKED" signs above main doors
d. exit doors unlocked when building occupied

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Fire Protection

hydrant
  • All fire lanes, hydrants, fire department connections (F.D.C.) or control valves should be clear and unobstructed.
  • Sprinkler systems should be serviced in accordance with NFPA 25 - Standard for the inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems. We recommend using professional services for testing and maintenance of sprinkler systems.
  • Use properly trained persons to service, maintain, and test employee alarms according to NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code.
  • Test the reliability and adequacy of non-supervised employee alarm systems every two months.
  • Fire protection systems should be maintained in an operative condition at all times and repaired where defective.
  • Do a visual check to ensure that employee alarm devices are not obstructed/installed in a manner that would prevent sound or light from reaching or entering the protected areas.
  • Restore all employee alarm systems to normal operating condition as soon as possible after each test or alarm.
  • Spare alarm devices and components must be readily available in sufficient quantities and locations for prompt restoration of the system.
  • Fire hydrants and hose connections should not be blocked by items (i.e., idle pallets, etc.)
  • Vehicles should not be parked in a marked fire lane.
  • Make sure fire department connections are not missing protective caps.
  • Make sure trash and debris are not lodged into piping and other locations.

4. The reliability and adequacy of non-supervised employee alarm systems should be checked _____.

a. quarterly
b. as needed
c. every two months
d. monthly

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Commercial Cooking Processes

kitfire
  • A Class K fire extinguisher should be mounted within 30 feet of commercial food equipment using vegetable or animal oils.
  • Commercial cooking systems should be serviced semi-annually.
  • Hoods, grease removal devices, fans, ducts and other apparatus should be cleaned to bare metal.
  • Cleaning should be recorded, and records should state the extent, time and date of cleaning.
  • Records should be maintained on premises.

5. How close should a Class K fire extinguisher be mounted to commercial food equipment using vegetable or animal oils?

a. 15 feet or farther
b. Within 30 feet
c. More than 25 feet
d. No less than 50 feet

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Building Maintenance

box
  • The building address should be clearly visible from the street, minimum 4 inches in height with a contrasting background.
  • Provide Knox box and keys for the box.
  • Fire-resistance-rated construction should be maintained.
  • Provide legible & permanent sign with occupant load posted in conspicuous location.
  • Maintain or replace power supplies as often as necessary to ensure a fully operational condition.
  • Provide a back-up means of alarm when systems are out of service, such as employee runners or telephones.
  • Emergency lighting must be tested and records must be maintained on site according to OSHA 1910.35, Means of Egress which references NFPA 101, Section 7.9.3, Life Safety code, . The Life Safety Code requires both a monthly activation test, where the lights remain illuminated for a minimum of 30-seconds, and an annual test where the lights are activated for 1.5-hours to simulate a long term emergency event.

6. According to the NFPA Life Safety Code, how often should emergency lighting be tested?

a. Monthly and annually
b. Weekly and monthly
c. Lack of common sense
d. Annually

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Electrical

powerstrip
  • A working space of not less than 30 inches wide (or width of equipment), 36 inches deep and 78 inches high should be provided in front of electrical service equipment. There should be no storage within this designated work space.
  • Relocatable power strips should be polarized or grounded equipped with over-current protection and should be listed.
  • Relocatable power strips should be directly connected to a permanently installed receptacle.
  • Relocatable power strip cords and extension cords should not extend through walls, ceilings, floors, under doors or floor coverings, or be subject to environmental or physical damage.
  • Extension cords and flexible cords should not be a substitute for permanent wiring.
  • Electrical panels must not be obstructed.
  • Electrical panel openings must be covered.
  • Breakers that continue to trip should not be tied off.
  • Power strips must be plugged directly into an outlet and NOT daisy-chained (linking power strips together).

7. What should be checked as part of the FPP evaluation of electrical equipment?

a. Extension cords should not be a substitute for permanent wiring
b. Electrical panel openings should not be covered
c. Breakers that continue to trip should be tied off
d. Power strips plugged directly into an outlet may be daisy-chained

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Portable Fire Extinguishers

  • A minimum of one 2A-10:BC portable fire extinguisher should be provided within 75 feet of travel distance from anywhere in the business on each floor.
  • Fire extinguishers should be inspected at least monthly.
  • Fire extinguishers should not be obstructed and should be in a conspicuous location.
  • When visually obstructed, an approved means should be provided to indicate location of fire extinguishers.
  • Fire extinguisher should be mounted on the wall with a hanger.

8. A minimum of one 2A-10:BC portable fire extinguisher should be provided _____ from anywhere in the business on each floor.

a. within 25 feet
b. no farther than 50 feet
c. within 75 feet of travel distance
d. easy and quick access

Check your Work

Read the material in each section to find the correct answer to each quiz question. After answering all the questions, click on the "Check Quiz Answers" button to grade your quiz and see your score. You will receive a message if you forgot to answer one of the questions. After clicking the button, the questions you missed will be listed below. You can correct any missed questions and check your answers again.

Final Exam
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