Your company should fully investigate any accident involving company personnel and vehicles. All accidents involving a company vehicle regardless of the severity should be reported immediately.
The investigation of minor accidents involving company property may be the responsibility of the driver and supervisor only.
The Safety Manager may be in charge of the investigation of accidents involving serious property damage or death to an employee has occurred.
The Safety Manager may also be in charge of accident investigations in which a third party is involved. Management should initiate any other investigations deemed appropriate.
At the scene, the accident investigator will carefully survey the scene, take measurements, and note the position of any debris from the accident. The investigator will also take photos of the scene, with careful notes of what the photos depict. A sketch or map of the site will be drawn to scale, with any landmarks near the scene noted as to position.
See Course 702 for more information on accident investigation procedures.
The more accurate the information about the accident provided is, the easier it is to get at the root causes of the accident. It is important that the accident investigator(s) be as objective as possible in gathering and evaluating data from the accident scene.
Download a Sample Driver's Accident Report.
Download a Sample Investigation Report Form.
Certain driver responsibilities must be carried out at the scene of an accident.
The two main concerns at the scene of an accident are:
These two items can be broken down into a 6-step accident procedure for drivers to follow.
Step 1: Stop, stay calm
Step 2: Turn on your emergency flashers as an immediate warning signal. Then do a quick evaluation of accident victims, if any, and provide assistance. Next, set out emergency warning devices on the roadway.
Step 3: Either contact local law enforcement personnel and your supervisor yourself or arrange to have someone do it for you. Be courteous and cooperative when providing information to authorities. Never admit guilt or liability at the scene of an accident. Never leave the scene of an accident.
Step 4: Write down names, license numbers and other information regarding the accident and those people involved in it. Draw a simple diagram of the accident scene. The more detail you can provide, the better it will be for insurance and/or legal purposes later. If you have a camera for use at the accident scene, document the situation with photographs from various angles.
Step 5: After the vehicle has been secured, warning devices put in place, assistance rendered to injured person(s) (if any), and law enforcement personnel contacted, you (the driver) should communicate the accident to your supervisor.
Step 6: Complete Vehicle Accident Report Form at the scene of the accident.
The Safety Manager should review all vehicle accidents to determine the true cause and whether it was preventable or non-preventable. A preventable collision is one in which the driver failed to do all that could be reasonably expected of them to avoid the collision.
The functions of the safety committee in reviewing vehicle collisions are as follows: