The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) defines a powered industrial truck as a mobile power-propelled truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials. The basic reference for the safe operation of Powered Industrial Trucks (PITs) is ANSI/ASME B56.1-1993.
Powered industrial trucks, often called forklifts or lift trucks, can be ridden or controlled by a walking operator. As you can see in the photo at the right, forklifts have been around a long time and they've gone through some significant design improvements.
A powered industrial truck is defined as a fork truck, tractor, platform lift truck, motorized hand truck, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines. This course does not include safety regarding compressed air or nonflammable compressed gas-operated industrial trucks, farm vehicles, vehicles intended primarily for earth moving, or over-the-road hauling.
Every year nearly 100 workers are killed and 20,000 are seriously injured in forklift mishaps. The top four types of incidents as a percent of the total forklift related deaths are:
This course contains general information about:
This course is not designed to be a substitute for operator training in the operation of specific forklifts in a specific workplace as required by OSHA regulations.
To begin your training, click on the module links below. If you are just starting this course, you should start with module 1.
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After studying the course material and answering the quiz questions, it is time to take the final exam. We highly recommend answering the module quiz questions to check your understanding of the course material. The final exam questions are typically developed from these quiz questions.
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1. 29 CFR 1910.178, Powered Industrial Trucks, OSHA. (2014). Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=9828&p_text_version=FALSE#1910.178%28l%29
2. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (2014a). Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklift) eTool. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/pit/index.html
3. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (2002). Forklift Safety, OR-OSHA. Retrieved from: http://www.cbs.state.or.us/external/osha/educate/materials/Forklift-Safety-251/1-251w.pdf
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Ergonomics and Cumulative Trauma Injuries: The Basics. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/dte/grant_materials/fy10/sh-20998-10/Housekeeper_Ergo_Handout-English.pdf
5. Washington DOSH, Washington DOSH Publication F417-031-000. (2007). Forklift Safety Guide. Retrieved from: http://www.lni.wa.gov/IPUB/417-031-000.pdf