This course has general information about the classes and divisions of forklifts commonly used in the workplace. It also covers the principles necessary to understand for safe loading, transferring loads, and unloading. Forklift operator training requirements and general best practices in operating, servicing and maintaining forklifts are discussed. The hazards associated with operating forklifts in enclosed areas and construction sites are also discussed.
As an OSHAcademy student, you can access 100% of our training materials for free, including our module quizzes and course exams. We only charge a small fee if you decide to document your training with our official course certificates or transcripts.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) defines a powered industrial truck as a mobile power-propelled truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials. The basic reference for the safe operation of Powered Industrial Trucks (PITs) is ANSI/ASME B56.1-1993.
Powered industrial trucks, often called forklifts or lift trucks, can be ridden or controlled by a walking operator. As you can see in the photo at the right, forklifts have been around a long time and they’ve gone through some significant design improvements.
A powered industrial truck is defined as a fork truck, tractor, platform lift truck, motorized hand truck, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines. This course does not include safety regarding compressed air or nonflammable compressed gas-operated industrial trucks, farm vehicles, vehicles intended primarily for earth moving, or over-the-road hauling.
Every year nearly 100 workers are killed and 20,000 are seriously injured in forklift mishaps. The top four types of incidents as a percent of the total forklift related deaths are:
This course contains general information about:
This course is not designed to be a substitute for operator training in the operation of specific forklifts in a specific workplace as required by OSHA regulations.
To begin your training, click on the module links below. If you are just starting this course, you should start with module 1.
After studying the course material and answering the quiz questions, it is time to take the final exam. We highly recommend answering the module quiz questions to check your understanding of the course material. The final exam questions are typically developed from these quiz questions.
OSHAcademy course final exams are designed to make sure students have gained a sufficient understanding of the content covered within each course. To help demonstrate this understanding, students must achieve a passing score on course final exams. It is OSHAcademy's policy to protect the integrity of our exams: as a result, we do not provide missed questions to students.
This is an open book exam. Students are permitted to use a separate browser window to review course content while taking the exam. If you do not pass a final exam, you will see a "Retake Exam" button next to the course on your student dashboard.
If you have already paid for certificates, your exam score will be displayed on your student dashboard after successfully passing the final exam. If you chose PDF certificates, you can view and print your certificate and personal transcript from your student dashboard. If you chose original printed documents, they will be prepared and mailed to the address in your student account.
OSHAcademy provides free access to all training materials, including course modules, practice quizzes, exercises, and final exams. However, exam scores, certificates, and transcripts are provided only if you purchase a certificate package to document your training. If you do not require official training documentation, we will archive your exam results should you decide to purchase official certificates later.
Course 725 Study Guide. You can save this study guide to your computer for offline studying, or print the study guide if you prefer.
1. 29 CFR 1910.178, Powered Industrial Trucks, OSHA. (2014). Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=9828&p_text_version=FALSE#1910.178%28l%29
2. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (2014a). Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklift) eTool. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/pit/index.html
3. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (2002). Forklift Safety, OR-OSHA. Retrieved from: http://www.cbs.state.or.us/external/osha/educate/materials/Forklift-Safety-251/1-251w.pdf
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Ergonomics and Cumulative Trauma Injuries: The Basics. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/dte/grant_materials/fy10/sh-20998-10/Housekeeper_Ergo_Handout-English.pdf
5. Washington DOSH, Washington DOSH Publication F417-031-000. (2007). Forklift Safety Guide. Retrieved from: http://www.lni.wa.gov/IPUB/417-031-000.pdf