This course has general information about the classes and divisions of forklifts commonly used in the workplace. It also covers the principles necessary to understand for safe loading, transferring loads, and unloading. Forklift operator training requirements and general best practices in operating, servicing and maintaining forklifts are discussed. The hazards associated with operating forklifts in enclosed areas and construction sites are also discussed.
As an OSHAcademy student, you can access 100% of our training materials for free, including our module quizzes and course exams. We only charge a small fee if you decide to document your training with our official course certificates or transcripts.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) defines a powered industrial truck as a mobile power-propelled truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials. The basic reference for the safe operation of Powered Industrial Trucks (PITs) is ANSI/ASME B56.1-1993.
Powered industrial trucks, often called forklifts or lift trucks, can be ridden or controlled by a walking operator. As you can see in the photo at the right, forklifts have been around a long time and they’ve gone through some significant design improvements.
A powered industrial truck is defined as a fork truck, tractor, platform lift truck, motorized hand truck, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines. This course does not include safety regarding compressed air or nonflammable compressed gas-operated industrial trucks, farm vehicles, vehicles intended primarily for earth moving, or over-the-road hauling.
Every year nearly 100 workers are killed and 20,000 are seriously injured in forklift mishaps. The top four types of incidents as a percent of the total forklift related deaths are:
This course contains general information about:
This course is not designed to be a substitute for operator training in the operation of specific forklifts in a specific workplace as required by OSHA regulations.
To begin your training, click on the module links below. If you are just starting this course, you should start with module 1.
OSHAcademy course final exams are designed to help ensure students demonstrate a sufficient understanding of the content covered within each course. To help demonstrate this understanding, students must achieve a minimum score of 70% on final exams. It is OSHAcademy's policy to protect the integrity of our exams and, as a result, we do not provide missed questions to students.
After you have studied all of the course material and taken the module quizzes, you can take the final exam. The module quizzes are optional, but we highly recommend you take each quiz, as the questions are similar to those on the final exam.
This is an open book exam. As you are taking the exam, if you find a question you are unsure of, you should use the course study guide or course web pages to research the correct answer. Don't worry if you fail the exam. You can study and retake the exam when you are ready.
If you have already paid for your certificates, your exam score will be displayed in your student dashboard next to the course. You will also be able to view or print the course PDF certificate if you purchased this option. Your PDF transcript will also be automatically updated to include the course.
You are welcome to take all of our courses for free! We only charge a fee if you want certificates, transcripts and exam scores to document your training. If you have not made a payment for your certificate, we will archive your exam results and you will see "Completed!" next to the course if you passed the exam. If you did not pass the exam with a score of 70% or higher, you will need to retake the exam.
Course 725 Study Guide. You can save this study guide to your computer for offline studying, or print the study guide if you prefer.
1. 29 CFR 1910.178, Powered Industrial Trucks, OSHA. (2014). Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=9828&p_text_version=FALSE#1910.178%28l%29
2. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (2014a). Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklift) eTool. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/pit/index.html
3. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (2002). Forklift Safety, OR-OSHA. Retrieved from: http://www.cbs.state.or.us/external/osha/educate/materials/Forklift-Safety-251/1-251w.pdf
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Ergonomics and Cumulative Trauma Injuries: The Basics. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/dte/grant_materials/fy10/sh-20998-10/Housekeeper_Ergo_Handout-English.pdf
5. Washington DOSH, Washington DOSH Publication F417-031-000. (2007). Forklift Safety Guide. Retrieved from: http://www.lni.wa.gov/IPUB/417-031-000.pdf