Skip Navigation

Course 736 - Introduction to Process Safety Management

Safety guides and audits to make your job as a safety professional easier

Employee Participation and Training

The employer must perform an initial process hazard analysis (hazard evaluation) on all processes covered by the PSM standard.

Employer's Duty to Involve Employees

Employers must develop a written plan of action to implement and ensure employee participation required by PSM.

Under PSM, employers must consult with employees and their representatives on the:

  • conduct and development of process hazard analyses; and
  • development of the other elements of process management.

They must provide to employees and their representatives access to process hazard analyses and to all other information required to be developed by the standard.

1. According to the PSM standard, employers must consult with employees and their representatives on which of the following?

a. Conduct and development of process hazard analyses
b. Development of accident and incident investigations
c. Results of process hazard initial testing
d. Results of OSHA complaint inspections

Next Section

Initial Training

The implementation of an effective training program is one of the most important steps that an employer can take to enhance employee safety. PSM requires that each employee presently involved in operating a process or a newly assigned process must be trained in:

  1. an overview of the process, and
  2. in its operating procedures.
PSM requires that each employee presently involved in operating a process or a newly assigned process must be trained
PSM requires that each employee presently involved in operating a process or a newly assigned process must be trained

The training must include:

  1. emphasis on the specific safety and health hazards of the process;
  2. emergency operations including shutdown; and
  3. other safe work practices that apply to the employee's job tasks.

Those employees already involved in operating a process on the PSM effective date do not necessarily need to be given initial training. Instead, the employer may certify in writing that the employees have the required knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) to safely carry out the duties and responsibilities specified in the operating procedures.

2. Employees already involved in operating a process do NOT have to attend initial PSM training on the process if _____.

a. the employer will assume responsibility for each employee's performance
b. employees have passed an oral exam given by the employer
c. the employer can certify in writing that they have necessary KSAs
d. employees have had at least one year experience on the process

Next Section

Refresher Training

PSM refresher training must be provided at least every three years, or more often if necessary, to each employee involved in operating a process to ensure that the employee understands and adheres to the current operating procedures of the process.

The employer, in consultation with the employees involved in operating the process, must determine the appropriate frequency of refresher training.

3. PSM refresher training must be provided _____.

a. every two years or less
b. every three years or as necessary
c. every four years
d. annually or more often

Next Section

Training Documentation

The employer must determine whether each employee operating a process has received and understood the training required by PSM.

A record must be kept containing the identity of the employee, the date of training, and how the employer verified that the employee understood the training.

Employees should also be able to demonstrate the necessary skills needed to safely complete PSM procedures.

4. How does each employee involved in a PSM process verify they are properly trained in the operating procedures?

a. They must certify to the employer that they are qualified
b. They must demonstrate the necessary skills
c. They must pass a written exam
d. They must have completed the OSHA 10-Hour training course

Check your Work

Read the material in each section to find the correct answer to each quiz question. After answering all the questions, click on the "Check Quiz Answers" button to grade your quiz and see your score. You will receive a message if you forgot to answer one of the questions. After clicking the button, the questions you missed will be listed below. You can correct any missed questions and check your answers again.

Video

Video

This Chemical Safety Board video covers three iron dust fires that fatally injured 5 workers at the Hoeganaes Corporation in Gallatin, TN.

Next Module