Skip Navigation

Course 736 - Introduction to Process Safety Management

Safety guides and audits to make your job as a safety professional easier

Contractors

Application

PSM applies to contractors performing <u>maintenance or repair, turnaround, major renovation, or specialty work on</u> or adjacent to a covered process.
PSM applies to contractors performing on or adjacent to a covered process.

Many categories of contract labor may be present at a jobsite. Some workers may actually operate the facility or do only a particular aspect of a job because they have specialized knowledge or skill. Others work only for short periods when there is need for increased staff quickly, such as in turnaround operations.

PSM includes special provisions for contractors and their employees to emphasize the importance of everyone taking care that they do nothing to endanger those working nearby who may work for another employer.

PSM, therefore, applies to contractors performing maintenance or repair, turnaround, major renovation, or specialty work on or adjacent to a covered process.

It does not apply, however, to contractors providing incidental services that do not influence process safety, such as janitorial, food and drink, laundry, delivery, or other supply services.

1. The PSM standard applies to contractors performing maintenance or repair, turnaround, major renovation, or specialty work _____.

a. on or adjacent to a covered process
b. only when union contractors are involved
c. during the PHA phase of the construction
d. prior to the start of construction

Next Section

Employer Responsibilities

When selecting a contractor, the employer must obtain and evaluate information regarding the contract employer's safety performance and programs. The employer also must:

  • inform contract employers of the known potential fire, explosion, or toxic release hazards related to the contractor's work and the process;
  • explain to contract employers the applicable provisions of the emergency action plan;
  • develop and implement safe work practices to control the presence, entrance, and exit of contract employers and contract employees in covered process areas;
  • evaluate periodically the performance of contract employers in fulfilling their obligations; and
  • maintain a contract employee injury and illness log related to the contractor's work in the process areas.

2. The employer is responsible for developing safe work practices to control the _____ of PSM contractors.

a. presence, entrance and exit
b. quality and quantity
c. number and type
d. training and qualifications

Next Section

The contract employer must ensure that contract employees are trained in the work practices necessary to perform their job safely.
The contract employer must ensure that contract employees are trained in the work practices necessary to perform their job safely.

Contract Employer Responsibilities

The contract employer must:

  • ensure that contract employees are trained in the work practices necessary to perform their job safely;
  • ensure that contract employees are instructed in the known potential fire, explosion, or toxic release hazards related to their job and the process, and in the applicable provisions of the emergency action plan;
  • document that each contract employee has received and understood the training required by the standard by preparing a record that contains the identity of the contract employee, the date of training, and the means used to verify that the employee understood the training;
  • ensure that each contract employee follows the safety rules of the facility including the required safe work practices required in the operating procedures section of the standard; and
  • advise the employer of any unique hazards presented by the contract employer's work.

3. The contract employer must ensure that contract employees are instructed in the known potential _____ release hazards related to their job.

a. chemical, explosion, or electrical
b. chemical, biological, or radiological
c. fire, explosion, or toxic
d. chemical, biological, or fire

Next Section

Pre-Startup Safety Review

It is important that a safety review takes place before any highly hazardous chemical is introduced into a process.

PSM, therefore, requires the employer to perform a pre-startup safety review for new facilities and for modified facilities when the modification is significant enough to require a change in the process safety information.

Prior to the introduction of a highly hazardous chemical to a process, the pre-startup safety review must confirm that the following:

  • construction and equipment are in accordance with design specifications;
  • safety, operating, maintenance, and emergency procedures are in place and are adequate;
  • a process hazard analysis has been performed for new facilities and recommendations have been resolved or implemented before startup, and modified facilities meet the management of change requirements; and
  • training of each employee involved in operating a process has been completed.

Congratulations! You're finished with seven modules. One more module to go.

4. The PSM standard requires the employer to perform _____ for new facilities and significantly modified facilities.

a. a follow-up safety inspection
b. safety training orientation
c. a pre-startup safety review
d. an audit of the PSM program

Check your Work

Read the material in each section to find the correct answer to each quiz question. After answering all the questions, click on the "Check Quiz Answers" button to grade your quiz and see your score. You will receive a message if you forgot to answer one of the questions. After clicking the button, the questions you missed will be listed below. You can correct any missed questions and check your answers again.

Next Module