When planning for a construction worksite analysis, be sure to include the following five processes:
A comprehensive baseline survey should include a review of previous accidents, injuries, and illnesses; complaints; previous studies; etc. Comprehensive surveys should be performed depending on the business size and nature of the hazards at least every three years by private consultants, insurance company, and/or state-funded programs.
The baseline survey should include a review of the following:
As part of the worksite analysis process, the employer/general contractor should also require subcontractors to perform a baseline analysis as necessary in accordance with OSHA and company requirements. The subcontractors should share pertinent information with the general contractor, and/or other subcontractors.
As you know, change is continuous on a construction worksite. Change analysis is simply the management of that change, conducted by competent persons, to make sure it does not introduce new hazards or unsafe procedures in the work environment.
A designated person should analyze how changes on the worksite can affect equipment, processes, and materials for hazards and potential hazards. Findings should be documented and plans developed to minimize or design out the new hazards.
Changes in the following categories need to be reviewed:
To more specifically analyze how changes worksite layout, materials, processes and equipment, affect the work being conducted, include the following in your analysis:
A Job Hazard Analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship among the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment. Ideally, after you identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level.
A JHA should be conducted for all hazardous jobs/procedures to determine potential hazards and identify methods to reduce exposure to those hazards at construction worksites. Here are the steps in a basic JHA:
Click here to see a sample JHA.
You can learn more about conducting a JHA in Course 706.
Employees play a key role in identifying, controlling, and reporting hazards that may occur or already exist in your workplace. Safety inspection reports of potential hazards can be an effective tool to trigger a closer look at a piece of equipment, operation, or how work is being performed. Reports of potential hazards can also provide suggestions to eliminate a hazard.
There are many positive reasons for conducting safety inspections, including:
The following is a list of topics relevant to worksite analysis by identifying worksite hazards:
Here's an interesting sample clip on job safety/hazard analysis from the DVD available at: Changent Systems
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