Each employee who performs work while on a scaffold should be trained by a person qualified in the subject matter to recognize the hazards associated with the type of scaffold being used and to understand the procedures to control or minimize those hazards. The training should include the following areas, as applicable:
Each employee who is involved in erecting, disassembling, moving, operating, repairing, maintaining, or inspecting a scaffold should be trained by a competent person to recognize any hazards associated with the work in question. The training should include the following topics, as applicable:
The competent person(s) should receive additional training regarding the selection of scaffolds, recognition of site conditions, scaffold hazard recognition, protection of exposed personnel and the public, repair and replacement options, and requirements of standards.
Site management personnel should also be familiar with correct scaffolding procedures so they can better determine needs and identify deficiencies.
If the employer has reason to believe an employee lacks the skill or understanding needed for safe work involving the erection, use or dismantling of scaffolds, the employer should retrain each the employee so that the required proficiency is regained.
Retraining is required in at least the following situations:
|Summary of Training Requirements for Scaffold Users|
|Those who work from scaffolds||Those who erect and dismantle scaffolds|
|Critical Scaffold Issues||
|What They Need to Know||
|Who Can Train Them||
|How Often to Train Them||
Effective training programs don’t just happen. They require careful planning, explicit goals and objectives, dedicated instructors, and motivated students. It doesn’t matter whether the activity is athletics, academics, or occupational safety and health. The underlying training concepts are similar:
In the next several tabs, we'll take a closer look at these training concepts.
1. Design a Training Program
Determine if training is needed. Determine whether a worksite problem can be solved by training. Will training solve the problem or are hazards or engineering problems causing injuries?
Training is most effective when it focuses on what workers need to know to do their jobs safely. Training is especially helpful for inexperienced workers, new workers, and workers unfamiliar with special processes and equipment.
Identify training needs. Establish what the worker is expected to do and identify hazardous tasks. Analyze each task to determine what the worker should learn to do a job safely.
Design learning activities. Learning activities enable workers to demonstrate acquired desired skills and knowledge. The activities should simulate actual job tasks as closely as possible. Learning activities can be group-oriented, with lectures, role playing, and demonstrations. They can also be designed as self-paced activities for individual workers.
2. Conduct the Training
Plan the training structure and format. Consider the number, frequency, and length of sessions. Determine instructional techniques and who will do the training.
Make sure the training is well-organized and has clearly defined objectives. Give workers an overview of what they’ll learn. Relate training materials to tasks and jobs.
Include hands-on experience and role-playing activities, if possible. Reinforce learning by summarizing objectives and key concepts. Be sure to let workers participate in discussions and ask questions.
3. Evaluate Training Effectiveness
How do you know training is accomplishing your objectives? Develop a plan to objectively evaluate training effectiveness. Ask workers what they’ve learned through training. Ask supervisors if workers are accomplishing training goals. Examine trends in your injury or illness statistics for changes that training may have influenced.
4. Improve Training through Feedback
Collect and evaluate feedback from workers, supervisors, and others affected by the training. When you’re sifting through what people had to say about the training, consider these questions:
Before beginning this quiz, we highly recommend you review the module material. This quiz is designed to allow you to self-check your comprehension of the module content, but only focuses on key concepts and ideas.
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