Confined Space Entry Team Training and Duties
Confined Space Entry Team Training
The employer must provide training to each employee whose work includes confined space duties at no cost to the employee. The employer must also make sure each employee
possesses the understanding, knowledge, and skills necessary for the safe performance of the duties assigned under this standard.
Categories of Confined Space Training
There are six basic categories of confined space training, based on duties and potential exposure:
- Awareness-level training provided to all employees potentially exposed to permit spaces, covering the following:
- The location and hazard of each space
- The company program for confined spaces
- Emphasis on not entering the space for any reason
- Hands-on entry and exit training for the following team members:
- rescue team members
- Training on how to manage confined space entries for entry supervisors.
- Rescue training for rescue team members.
- Pre-entry procedure training for all:
- rescue team members
- Training on evaluating and testing confined spaces for:
- entry supervisors
- staff assigned to test and evaluate the space
Training Program Elements
It's important to have a strong confined space safety program to make sure all employees working in or around confined spaces stay safe and healthful. The training must establish
employee proficiency in their duties and in new or revised confined space procedures.
Some important elements in an effective training program include:
Training should be provided to each affected employee:
- In both a language and vocabulary that the employee can understand;
- Before the employee is first assigned duties under this standard;
- Before there is a change in assigned duties;
- Whenever there is a change in permit space entry operations that presents a hazard about which an employee has not previously been trained;
- Whenever the permit audit shows deficiencies
- Whenever there is any evidence of a deviation from the permit space entry procedures;
- Whenever there are inadequacies in the employee's knowledge or use of these procedures.
- Employees entering confined spaces should be able to demonstrate adequate skills to perform procedures and use all equipment required during confined space operations.
- Employees must understand the specific hazards in each permit space and the methods used to isolate, control or in other ways protect employees from these hazards.
- Employees not authorized to perform confined space entry rescues must be instructed in the dangers of attempting such rescues.
- The employer must maintain training records to show that the training has been accomplished. The training records must contain each employee's name, the name of the trainers, and the dates of training.
- Training documents must be available for inspection by employees and their authorized representatives, for the period of time the employee is employed by that employer.
- Awareness training should be given to employees who work or may work in areas where permit spaces are present. It should explain the permit-space program, the entry permit system, the alternate entry procedures, if used, and how to recognize permit spaces in their work area. It provides a basic overview of the permit space program.
- Retraining for employees when you have any reason to believe they are not proficient at their confined space duties.
- Repeat training when there is a change in the written program and when there are new or previously unidentified permit spaces.
Authorized Entrant Duties
The entry employer must ensure all authorized entrants:
- Are trained to be familiar with and understand the hazards that may be faced during entry. Training must include information on the mode, signs or symptoms, and consequences of the exposure.
- Properly use equipment during confined space entry.
- Communicate with the attendant to enable the attendant to adequately assess entrant status and to enable the attendant to alert entrants of the need to evacuate the space if required.
- Alert the attendant whenever:
- There is any warning sign or symptom of exposure to a dangerous situation; or
- The entrant detects a prohibited condition.
- Exit the permit space as quickly as possible whenever:
- An order to evacuate is given by the attendant or the entry supervisor;
- There is any warning sign or symptom of exposure to a dangerous situation;
- The entrant detects a prohibited condition; or
- An evacuation alarm is activated.
The entry employer must ensure that each attendant:
Click to play video
- Is properly trained to be familiar with and understand the hazards that may be faced during entry. Training must include information on the mode, signs or symptoms, and consequences of the exposure.
- Is aware of possible behavioral effects of hazard exposure in authorized entrants.
- Continuously maintains an accurate count of authorized entrants in the permit space and ensures that the means to identify authorized entrants in the permit space is accurate.
- Remains outside the permit space during entry operations until relieved by another attendant. After an attendant has been relieved by another attendant, the relieved attendant may enter a permit space to attempt a rescue when the employer's permit space program allows attendant entry for rescue and the attendant has been trained and equipped for rescue operations.
- Communicates with authorized entrants as necessary to assess entrant status and to alert entrants of the need to evacuate the space.
- Assesses activities and conditions inside and outside the space to determine if it is safe for entrants to remain in the space.
- Orders authorized entrants to evacuate the permit space immediately under any of the following conditions:
- If there is a prohibited condition;
- If the behavioral effects of hazard exposure are apparent in an authorized entrant;
- If there is a situation outside the space that could endanger the authorized entrants; or
- If the attendant cannot effectively and safely perform his or her duties.
- Summons rescue and other emergency services as soon as the attendant determines that authorized entrants may need assistance to escape from permit space hazards.
- Takes the following actions when unauthorized persons approach or enter a permit space while entry is underway:
- Warns unauthorized persons that they must stay away from the permit space;
- Advises unauthorized persons that they must exit immediately if they have entered the permit space; and
- Informs authorized entrants and entry supervisor if unauthorized persons have entered the permit space.
- Performs non-entry rescues as specified by the employer's rescue procedure; and
- Performs no other duties that might interfere with the attendant's primary duty to assess and protect the authorized entrants.
Entry Supervisor Duties
The entry employer must ensure that each entry supervisor:
- Is properly trained to be familiar with and understand the hazards that may be faced during entry. Training must include information on the mode, signs or symptoms, and consequences
of the exposure.
- Verifies, by checking that:
- appropriate entries have been made on the permit;
- all tests specified by the permit have been conducted; and
- all procedures and equipment specified by the permit are in place before endorsing the permit and allowing entry to begin.
- Terminates the entry and cancels or suspends the permit as required.
- Verifies that rescue services are available and the means for summoning them are operable, and that the employer will be notified as soon as the services become unavailable.
- Removes unauthorized individuals who enter or who attempt to enter the permit space during entry operations.
- Determines at intervals dictated by the hazards and operations performed within the space that entry operations remain consistent with terms of the entry permit and that acceptable
entry conditions are maintained whenever responsibility for a permit space entry operation is transferred.
Before beginning this quiz, we highly recommend you review the module material. This quiz is designed to allow you to self-check your comprehension of the
module content, but only focuses on key concepts and ideas.
Read each question carefully. Select the best answer, even if more than one answer seems possible. When done, click on the "Get Quiz Answers" button. If you
do not answer all the questions, you will receive an error message.