In steel erection, training is a key element in the employer's accident prevention program. Since the employer can choose the provider, method, and frequency of training that is appropriate for the employees being trained, the employer has flexibility in developing and implementing a training program. However, to achieve increased safety in steel erection, the following requirements must be implemented in all training programs.
Training requirements will be deemed to have been met if:
The employer must instruct each employee in the recognition and avoidance of unsafe conditions and the regulations applicable to steel erection and the general construction work environment to control or eliminate any hazards or other exposure to illness or injury.
A qualified person is one who, by possession of a recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing, or who by extensive knowledge, training, and experience, has successfully demonstrated the ability to solve or resolve problems relating to the subject matter, the work, or the project.
It should not surprise us that steel erection employee training must be provided by a qualified person. Here’s a case study that tells why:
A general contractor requested help from a carpentry crew to erect a 50-foot steel beam and columns. Neither the contractor nor any of the carpentry crew was trained in steel erection. The steel beam was raised into position using two forklifts, and guy wires were set at one end, but the column footing bolts were not secured, and only one guy wire was attached at the other end. When the forklift sling was released, the column leaned over and the weight and force of the beam pulled the turnbuckle apart. The beam then fell onto the lift, knocking one employee to the concrete floor. He landed on his back and head, sustaining severe head injuries, and was transported by helicopter to a local hospital for treatment.
The employer must train each employee exposed to a fall hazard on the requirements of the standard. The employer must also institute a training program and ensure employee participation in the program.
All employees exposed to fall hazards must be trained and instructed in the following areas:
The employer must also provide special training to employees involved in the following activities:
Multiple-lift rigging operations: The employer must ensure each employee who performs multiple lift rigging has been trained in the following areas:
Connector procedures: The employer must ensure each employee has been provided training in the following areas including:
Controlled Decking Zones (CDZ): Where CDZs are being used, the employer must make sure each employee has been trained in the following areas:
Last, but certainly not least, this sobering accident video tells why it is so important to build high-rise structures not just safely, but also to the highest quality standards. No workers died in this terrible accident, but hundreds of mothers, fathers, sons, and daughters did. A real tragedy for an entire country.
Two carpenters, who were not adequately trained to do steel erection work, were attempting to set a 30-foot I-beam on a concrete block wall 15 feet high. They had released the spanner connection from the hoist line before the I-beam was secured to the bearing plates. The beam tipped over and fell, along with the two employees, to the concrete floor. One employee required surgery for multiple broken bones in his wrists and arms. The other employee was hospitalized for back, neck and head injuries.
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