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Course 900 - Oil and Gas Safety Management

Safety guides and audits to make your job as a safety professional easier

Involvement in Safety

Management and Employees Must Be Involved

Employee involvement provides the means through which workers develop and express their own commitment to safety and health.

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The best safety and health management systems involve employees at every level of the organization. Employees are often those closest to the hazard, and have the most first-hand knowledge of workplace hazards. Clearly, the employer has ultimate responsibility for its workers; however, using employees’ knowledge and experience to help identify and resolve problems can make the system more effective.

It's difficult to have an effective safety and health program without developing a corporate safety culture that encourages genuine employee involvement. When you mention involvement in safety, most people think only about "employee" involvement, but to do it right, management should be out front and involved.

Management needs to lead by example and that means communicating and following through with action. This module will discuss some of the components of employer and employee involvement in safety.

1. How do the best safety and health management systems involve employees?

a. They are involved if in the best interest of the company
b. They are involved as required by OSHA
c. They are involved at every level
d. They are involved as necessary

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Responding to Safety and Health Issues

Management in your company should take prompt consistent action when responding to safety and health issues. Doing so will demonstrate their commitment to addressing safety and health concerns and encourage employee participation.

  • Management should respond to employees' reports of actual or potential hazards and any other safety concerns employees might have.
  • There should be an effective process for employees to report such hazards.
  • Management should notify the employee reporting a real or potential hazard of the outcome promptly in a timely manner.
  • Management should respond to employee suggestions promptly as soon as possible. They should not be slow to respond.
  • Reporting hazards should be made without fear of reprimand or any safety reporting process is doomed to failure.

Employee Participation

The employees in your company should be given an opportunity to provide input regarding recommendations on safety and health products, procedures, and training as it pertains to daily work operations. For example, employees could be given some responsibility to test out products or conduct research to substantiate recommendations. Employee input is effectively provided through the suggestion system, the reporting of hazards, or through actions the safety and health committee initiate. Employees can also participate in a variety of ways such as; a trainer, inspector, or problem solver.

2. When should management respond to employee hazard reports and suggestions?

a. Promptly
b. As time allows
c. Within two weeks after the report or suggestion
d. Only after a solution has been obtained

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Preventing Ergonomic Injuries

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More than a third of all accepted disabling claims are sprains/strains and other musculoskeletal disorders. Although oil and gas work will always include lifting, carrying, and pulling (among others), many contractors have made great strides in preventing these types of injuries through pre-task planning, employee involvement in exercise programs, medical management, and training their crews to recognize risk factors and best practices.

Safety Inspections

One of the best ways employees can participate in the company's safety program is to help conduct safety inspections. This gives employees a greater sense of ownership in safety and it can be a real educational experience too!

Depending on the hazardous nature of the oil and gas on the wellsite, weekly or daily inspections may be needed to effectively identify hazards and unsafe actions.

3. What is one of the best ways employees can participate in the company's safety program?

a. Fix rather than report hazards
b. See something, say something
c. Report safety hazards to OSHA
d. Help conduct safety inspections

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Safety Recognition Programs

It's important to understand that designing, developing and deploying safety "programs" is basically a management function requiring effective organizational skill. Many companies develop and implement formal safety recognition programs because that is what they've been told works best and that is what everyone else does.

There are many different types of safety recognition program strategies used and promoted these days. Of course, some are more effective than others, but there is certainly no one-fits-all program. To be successful, the recognition program should fit the unique culture of the organization.

4. To be successful, the recognition program should _____.

a. recognize only the best or top performer
b. emphasize cost savings
c. fit the unique culture of the organization
d. be standardized within the industry

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Safety Recognition Programs (Continued)

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For instance, you can't have a highly successful safety recognition program in an oppressively authoritarian corporate culture displaying tough-coercive leadership due to the lack of positive relationships between managers and employees.

A recognition program, within a controlling (typical) safety culture will usually think a “managed” program is necessary to be successful. The “suggestion box” is likely to be used to maintain anonymity which is symptom that a lack of trust exists: It just won't work.

On the other hand, a world-class safety culture may not have the need to develop a managed safety recognition program with formal procedures: why?

Because managers will likely perceive the process of recognition as their opportunity to demonstrate leadership through recognition so that ultimately, positive working relationships are established or reinforced. You can learn more about leadership styles and recognition systems in Course 700.

5. Which type of safety culture is most likely to use suggestion boxes as part of a planned or managed approach to safety recognition?

a. A coercive safety culture
b. A controlling safety culture
c. A laissez-faire safety culture
d. A tough-caring safety culture

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The Oil and Gas Safety Committee

The purpose of a safety and health committee is to give employees the ability to participate in the implementation of the safety and health system that exists within your company.

The main incentive for developing a safety committee is to encourage and heighten employee involvement in the company safety program. Employee input is a critical part of a successful safety program. A safety committee is one way to obtain that input. The level of involvement by employees and degree of management commitment will determine if a safety committee is successful.

Safety committees have many benefits; identify safety and health concerns that workers/management consider most critical, help find creative solutions, show a good faith effort toward health and safety regulations, boost coworker loyalty, morale and enthusiasm by getting involved in an issue that’s important to everyone, and if new safety rules are needed, a safety committee can help make sure employees accept and follow them.

6. Which of the following are factors that determine the success of the safety committee?

a. OSHA regulatory requirements
b. Participation, time, and money
c. High level of accountability
d. Pizza and time off work

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The Oil and Gas Safety Committee (Continued)

The committee in your company should be comprised of management and employee representatives. The committee should meet at least weekly due to the hazardous nature of work on a project.

The committee should:

  • Have defined goals and objectives.
  • Address safety and health issues.
  • Record and post minutes of the meetings.
  • Involve employees in problem solving.
  • Document action taken and post on the bulletin boards for all employees to read and-or comment.
  • Have a formal agenda.

7. What are the two factors that usually determine how often safety committees should meet?

a. Severity of the hazard and frequency of change
b. OSHA rules and company safety policy
c. Probability of injury and SSHO requirements
d. Nature of the work and company rules

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Suggestion Program

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The employees in your company should be encouraged to make safety and health suggestions to help improve a process, prevent an accident, or to make any improvement in the safety and health system.

The suggestion system should be implemented by a designated person, usually the safety director, who will be responsible for determining priority and the proper means of implementation.

It’s important to remember that in effective safety cultures, it’s not necessary to have a policy that anonymity will be assured because a high level of trust exists between managers and employees.

Safety suggestions should be shared with the Safety and Health Committee for input. Suggestion forms may be placed in suggestion boxes or given directly to a designated person such as the immediate supervisor or safety committee chairperson.

8. In a truly effective safety culture, why is it unnecessary to have a written policy that promises safety suggestions will remain anonymous?

a. A high level of trust exits
b. An established tradition controls behaviors
c. The safety manager responds to all suggestions
d. Safety suggestions are not considered important

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Employee Right to Communicate

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OSHA requires employer to make sure employees are able to voice safety and health concerns without fear of reprisal. Think about it: would a perception of reprisal for voicing a safety concern benefit the company? No way!

More specifically, according to OSHA, no employer can discharge or in any manner discriminate against any employee because the employee has:

  1. filed any complaint or instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding under or related to the OSHAct,
  2. testified or is about to testify in any such proceeding, or
  3. has exercised any right afforded by the OSHAct on behalf of himself or others.

Prior to or during an OSHA inspection of a workplace, any employee or representative (usually a union person) may notify an OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officer, in writing, of any violation of the Act which they have reason to believe exists in such workplace.

9. Which action is protected by OSHA regulations from discharge or in any manner of discrimination?

a. Testimony given in a OSHA proceeding
b. Refusal to do a job felt to be unnecessary
c. Use of legal drugs without prior approval
d. Reporting errors in production

Check your Work

Read the material in each section to find the correct answer to each quiz question. After answering all the questions, click on the "Check Quiz Answers" button to grade your quiz and see your score. You will receive a message if you forgot to answer one of the questions. After clicking the button, the questions you missed will be listed below. You can correct any missed questions and check your answers again.

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