When planning for an oil and gas wellsite analysis, be sure to include the following four processes:
A comprehensive baseline survey and analysis is a first attempt at understanding:
It establishes initial levels of exposure (baselines) for comparison to future levels uncovered in follow-up surveys and analyses, so that changes can be recognized. Basically, the baseline survey tells the employer what the starting point is.
A comprehensive baseline survey should include a review of previous accidents, injuries, and illnesses; complaints; previous studies; etc. Comprehensive surveys should be performed depending on the business size and nature of the hazards at least every three years by private consultants, insurance company, and/or state-funded programs.
The baseline survey should include a review of the following:
As part of the wellsite analysis process, the employer/general contractor should also require subcontractors to perform a baseline analysis as necessary in accordance with OSHA and company requirements. The subcontractors should share pertinent information with the general contractor, and/or other subcontractors.
As you know, change is continuous on an oil and gas wellsite. Change analysis is simply the analysis of the management of change, conducted by competent persons, to make sure that change on the wellsite does not introduce new hazards or unsafe procedures in the work environment.
A designated person should analyze how changes on the wellsite can affect equipment, processes, and materials for hazards and potential hazards. Findings should be documented and plans developed to minimize or design out the new hazards.
Changes in the following general categories need to be reviewed:
All areas on the worksite should be analyzed to more specifically analyze how changes to the wellsite layout, materials, processes and equipment, affect the work being conducted. Click on the button to see specific areas that should be analyzed.
A Job Hazard Analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship among the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment. Ideally, after you identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level.
A JHA should be conducted for all hazardous jobs/procedures to determine potential hazards and identify methods to reduce exposure to those hazards at oil and gas wellsites. Here are the steps in a basic JHA:
You can learn more about conducting a JHA in Course 706.
Employees play a key role in identifying, controlling, and reporting hazards that may occur or already exist in your workplace. Walk-around inspections should be conducted by two experienced and knowledgeable workers when possible. Safety inspection reports of potential hazards can be an effective tool to trigger a closer look at a piece of equipment, operation, or how work is being performed. Reports of potential hazards can also provide suggestions to eliminate a hazard.
The frequency of a walk-around safety inspection depends on the nature of the work and workplace. Worksites that experience more change and a higher risk for serious injury or illness require more frequent inspections. For wellsites, daily inspections are a must because of the rapidly changing nature of the site and its hazards.
At small fixed worksites, the entire site should be inspected at one time. And even for the smallest worksite, inspections should be done at least quarterly. If the small worksite uses hazardous materials or involves hazardous procedures or conditions that change frequently, inspections should be done more often.
Sound Safety Inspection Policy: All employees should inspect their area of responsibility at the beginning and end of each shift, and bridge the inspections with continual observation. If a hazardous condition is observed, eliminate it if you safely can, or report it immediately.
OSHA Oil & Gas Rig Inspection Checklist for Drilling & Well Servicing Operations. There are many features that make it easy and fast for the users to complete these surveys. The surveys are uploaded to a secure cloud platform powered by Microsoft. The application is FREE for all users. However, an account must be created at the secure cloud for storage. Visit www.hse2go.com for more information.