Hot work is any work that involves burning, welding, using fire- or spark-producing tools, or that produces a source of ignition. Welding and cutting operations are common to drilling and servicing operations. Test for flammable gases in the work area before starting any hot work. Potentially hazardous areas include, but are not limited to, well heads, fuel tanks, mud tanks, tank batteries, gas separators, oil treaters, or confined spaces where gases can accumulate.
Slips, trips, and falls constitute the majority of general industry accidents. They cause 15% of all accidental deaths, and are second only to motor vehicles as a cause of fatalities.
The areas where most exposure exists for slips, trips and falls is the rig floor because that’s where most of the work is accomplish and where most of the equipment is housed.
There are many ways to protect from slips, trips, and falls. Even so, they still happen and the following are means to either prevent slips, trips, and falls or to minimize the consequences if they should happen.
Falls are among the most common causes of serious work related injuries and deaths. Employers must set up the work place to prevent employees from falling off of overhead platforms, elevated work stations or into holes in the floor and walls.
Falls from elevated areas account for a relatively low percentage of the accidents that occur in drilling operations; however, those accidents that do occur usually are severe or fatal.
Most of the falls occur while erecting the derrick, climbing the derrick ladders, or working from one of the platforms. Adequate worker protection can be provided during most, if not all, of these situations by the use of safety belts, lifelines and lanyards, safety nets, and climbing devices.
Any work on a drilling rig that is performed with high force, with many repetitions, or in a position that feels awkward is risky. Even a motion that is harmless in and of itself, like stretching out the arm to grasp an object or squeezing a tool, may put the worker at risk of injury if it is repeated over and over.
Sprains and strains are two types of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs).
Ergonomic controls can help eliminate or limit exposure to MSDs on a drilling rig. Types of controls usually fall into these ergonomic categories:
General solutions for strains and sprains include:
Truck drivers and workers in pickup trucks often travel between oil and gas wells located on rural highways which often lack firm road shoulders, rumble strips, and, occasionally, pavement.
Oil and gas workers often are on 8- or 12-hour shifts, working 7--14 days in a row. Fatigue has been identified as an important risk factor in motor-vehicle crashes. A targeted program that addresses fatigue among workers in this 24-hour industry might reduce motor-vehicle crashes and fatalities.
To reduce the number of vehicle accidents to oil and gas industry drivers, do the following:
Powered industrial trucks, commonly called forklifts or lift trucks, are used in many industries, primarily to move materials. They can also be used to raise, lower, or remove large objects or a number of smaller objects on pallets or in boxes, crates, or other containers. Powered industrial trucks can either be ridden by the operator or controlled by a walking operator. Over-the-road haulage trucks and earth-moving equipment that has been modified to accept forks are not considered powered industrial trucks.
What are the hazards associated with operating powered industrial trucks?
There are many types of powered industrial trucks. Each type presents different operating hazards. For example, a sit-down, counterbalanced high-lift rider truck is more likely than a motorized hand truck to be involved in a falling load accident because the sit-down rider truck can lift a load much higher than a hand truck. Workplace type and conditions are also factors in hazards commonly associated with powered industrial trucks. For example, retail establishments often face greater challenges than other worksites in maintaining pedestrian safety. Many workers can also be injured when:
Struck-by injuries are produced by forcible contact or impact between the injured person and an object or piece of equipment. The impact of the object is the cause of the injury. OSHA breaks down struck-by hazards into the following categories:
Fatalities occur every year on drilling rigs when workers are struck by objects in any of the four categories above. There is a lot of equipment and components that can fall off the rig and cause serious physical harm or a fatality. The resulting accidents may involve failure to use appropriate safety equipment to prevent objects from falling. Workers may also not be wearing protective equipment like hard hats to reduce the severity of a head injury if struck. A falling object can cause a lot of damage when striking workers or materials. Look at the video that helps to emphasize the hazards of failing to wear a hard hat while working on a drilling rig.
Weather conditions can create hazardous working conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor weather conditions and forecasts to allow time to prepare for such conditions as may occur.
Lightning is especially hazardous and unpredictable. When lightning is present, crews must avoid situations where they could become part of potential current paths.
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