Worker safety awareness is necessary for injury prevention during all phases of drilling operations. Procedures and processes will include safety meetings, Job Safety Analysis, and general and task-specific training. At the end of each card, resources are identified which provide more details for establishing safe work practices and procedures.
Rigging up is placing and assembling the various parts of equipment that make up the rig, and preparing the rig for drilling.
There are many rig designs, and this course does not cover each type individually. This course focuses on the common hazards and solutions that many rig designs share.
During assembly of the rig, some equipment may be handled and set with cranes, rig up trucks, or forklifts, depending on the size of the rig. It should be noted that overhead hazards such as high voltage power lines may be present.
There may be two or more crews (teams) working together in the rigging up process. The rigging up process includes the following steps, some of which are done simultaneously.
Equipment is unloaded and positioned at or near the exact location that it will occupy during operations.
The substructure is assembled, pinned together, leveled, and made ready for other rig components on the floor.
Equipping the cellar begins but can be done throughout the rigging up process. This includes welding on a drilling nipple to the conductor pipe and attaching a flow line.
Once the substructure is set in place, the process of setting up the rig floor begins. Begin by installing stairways and guardrails to allow access to the rig floor. Then, the drawworks is set in place and secured to the substructure. On mechanical rigs, the engines are set in place; the compound and associated equipment are connected to the drawworks. On electric rigs, the electric cables (lines) are strung to the drawworks.
The bottom of the mast is then raised to the rig floor and pinned in place. The crown section is then raised into place on the derrick stand. The "A-legs" are raised and pinned into place. The monkeyboard is pinned in place on the mast and all lines and cables are laid out to prevent tangling when the mast is raised. A thorough inspection of the mast should be made before raising the mast/derrick.
The mast is now ready to be raised. The engines are started, and the drilling line is spooled onto the drawworks drum. Once the mast has been raised and pinned, the remaining floor equipment can be set into place. If the rig has safety guylines, they must be attached to the anchors and properly tensioned prior to continuing the rigging up process. A derrick emergency escape device is installed on the mast.
Rigging up a land drilling rig.
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