Program Criteria (Continued)
Mechanical Integrity Criteria
The purpose of mechanical integrity is to ensure that equipment is fit for service.
The mechanical integrity program should encompass all equipment and systems used to prevent or mitigate uncontrolled releases of:
- toxic substances
- other materials that may cause environmental or safety consequences
You should develop and implement written procedures that provide instructions to ensure the mechanical integrity and safe operation of equipment through:
- quality assurance
Mechanical Integrity Criteria (Continued)
These procedures should address the following:
- The design, procurement, fabrication, installation, calibration, and maintenance of the equipment and systems in accordance with the manufacturer's design and material specifications.
- The training of each employee involved in maintaining the equipment and systems so that the employees can implement the mechanical integrity program.
- The frequency of inspections and tests of the equipment and systems. The frequency of inspections and tests should be in accordance with BSEE regulations and meet the manufacturer's recommendations.
Inspections and tests can be performed more frequently if determined to be necessary by prior operating experience.
- The documentation of each inspection and test that has been performed on the equipment and systems. This documentation should identify the date of the inspection or test; include the name and
position, and the signature of the person who performed the inspection or test; include the serial number or other identifier of the equipment on which the inspection or test was performed; include a
description of the inspection or test performed; and the results of the inspection test.
- The correction of deficiencies associated with equipment and systems that are outside the manufacturer's recommended limits. Such corrections should be made before further use of the equipment
- The installation of new equipment and constructing systems. The procedures should address the application for which they will be used.
- The modification of existing equipment and systems. The procedures should ensure that they are modified for the application for which they will be used.
- The verification that inspections and tests are being performed. The procedures should be appropriate to ensure that equipment and systems are installed consistent with design specifications and
the manufacturer's instructions.
- The assurance that maintenance materials, spare parts, and equipment are suitable for the applications for which they will be used.
Pre-startup Review Criteria
The SEMS II program should require that the commissioning process include a pre-startup safety and environmental review for new and significantly modified facilities that are subject to the
SEMS II rule to confirm that the following criteria are met:.
- Construction and equipment are in accordance with applicable specifications.
- Safety, environmental, operating, maintenance, and emergency procedures are in place and are adequate.
- Safety and environmental information is current.
- Hazards analysis recommendations have been implemented as appropriate.
- Training of operating personnel has been completed.
- Programs to address management of change and other elements of the SEMS II rule are in place.
- Safe work practices are in place.
Emergency Response and Control Criteria
The SEMS II program should require that emergency response and control plans are in place and are ready for immediate implementation.
These plans should be validated by drills carried out in accordance with a schedule defined by the SEMS II training program (250.1915). The SEMS II emergency response and control plan should include:
- Emergency Action Plan (EAP) that assigns authority and responsibility to the appropriate qualified person(s) at a facility for:
Training incorporating emergency response and evacuation procedures conducted periodically for all personnel (including contractor's personnel), as required by the SEMS II training program (250.1915)
Drills should be based on realistic scenarios conducted periodically to exercise elements contained in the facility or area emergency action plan. An analysis and critique of each drill should be conducted to identify and correct weaknesses.
- initiating effective emergency response and control
- addressing emergency reporting and response requirements
- complying with all applicable governmental regulations
- Emergency Control Center (ECC) designated for each facility with access to the Emergency Action Plans, oil spill contingency plan, and other safety and environmental information (250.1910)
Investigating Incidents Criteria
Boom hoist wire rope failure results in fatality
(Click to enlarge)
To learn from both non-injury incidents (near misses) as well as injury incidents, and help prevent similar incidents, the SEMS II program should establish procedures for investigation of all
incidents with serious safety or environmental consequences.
It should require investigation of incidents that are determined by facility management or BSEE to have possessed the potential for serious safety or environmental consequences.
Incident investigations should be initiated as promptly as possible, with due regard for the necessity of securing the incident scene and protecting people and the environment.
Incident investigations should be conducted by personnel knowledgeable in the process involved, investigation techniques, and other specialties that are relevant or necessary.
Investigating Incidents Criteria (Continued)
Incident investigations should address the following:
- nature of the incident
- factors (human or other) that contributed to the initiation of the incident and its escalation/control
- recommended corrective actions identified as a result of the investigation
A corrective action program should be established based on the findings of the investigation in order to analyze incidents for common root causes. The corrective action program should:
- Retain the findings of investigations for use in the next hazard analysis update or audit.
- Determine and document the response to each finding to ensure that corrective actions are completed.
- Implement a system whereby conclusions of investigations are distributed to similar facilities and appropriate personnel within their organization.
Before beginning this quiz, we highly recommend you review the module material. This quiz is designed to allow you to self-check your comprehension of the
module content, but only focuses on key concepts and ideas.
Read each question carefully. Select the best answer, even if more than one answer seems possible. When done, click on the "Get Quiz Answers" button. If you
do not answer all the questions, you will receive an error message.