For offshore oil and gas drilling and production, the Department of the Interior (DOI), the Bureau of Safety and Environment (BSEE), American Petroleum Institute (API) and other organizations have developed standards and guidelines to make sure offshore company sites operate:
The company should design develop and deploy a BSEE Safety and Environmental Management System (SEMS II) Program. The program should address the 17 elements of an effective SEMS II Program and the standards detailed in the API’s Recommended Practice for Development of a Safety and Environmental Management Program for Offshore Operations and Facilities (API RP 75).
Note: The SEMS II Rule became effective on June 4, 2013. Operators have until June 4, 2014 to comply with the provisions of the SEMS II Rule, except for the auditing requirements. All SEMS II audits should be in compliance with the SEMS II Rule by June 4, 2015.
In this module, we will be covering general safety best practices applicable to all oil and gas facilities.
Good communication is critical to safety on platforms. There should be several methods for workers to communicate while offshore. These options include:
When using the PA:
Management of Change (MOC) is a formal set of procedures that address process-related or mechanical-related modifications of a facility and the safe management of change.
MOC ensures that changes are recognized, documented, formally reviewed, and approved before being implemented to avoid potential safety, environmental and operational problems.
In accordance with BSEE requirements, companies should design, develop and deploy a Management of Change (MOC) program to effectively manage changes to the organization and its related systems, procedures, equipment, products, materials, substances, processes, and people.
The MOC should include a facility-level hazards analysis and a task-level Job Safety Analysis (JSA) that is developed and implemented for all of the facilities and activities identified or discussed in the BSEE SEMS II.
As part of the company’s Management of Change (MOC) program, a Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis (HIRA) system should be fully designed, developed and deployed and encompass activities for identifying hazards and evaluating and controlling risk at offshore sites. The Job Safety analysis (JSA) is one activity within the HIRA process.
It is important that an effective Mechanical Integrity program is designed, developed and deployed to ensure that offshore oil platform equipment functions as required during its life in accordance with BSEE SEMS II (30 CFR 250.1916).
Written procedures that provide instructions should be developed to ensure the mechanical integrity and safe operation of equipment through:
The mechanical integrity program should encompass all equipment and systems used to prevent or mitigate uncontrolled releases of:
Critical equipment used to process, store, or handle hydrocarbons or other hazardous chemicals and materials of construction at company facilities should be procured, inspected, tested, and maintained to:
Preventative Maintenance (PM) Programs should be designed, developed and deployed to ensure the reliability of critical equipment is maintained.
A company representative should determine area designations during the work permitting process and communicate these to those performing the work.
The representative should take in to account the potential hazards associated with each of these areas and the type of work being performed when issuing work permits.
Area designations can include:
The Permit to Work (PTW) system should be developed to manage higher risk task and activities.
All of the following should be included in the PTW system:
When working on drilling and service platforms:
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