Worksite analysis is a combination of systematic actions that provide the employer with the information necessary to recognize and understand the existing and potential hazards of the workplace. While these actions may appear complicated, they are really basic activities that are performed in most workplaces. It includes these actions:
In order to design a program of prevention and control, an employer must have a comprehensive hazard survey, a change analysis, and a routine hazard analysis.
The comprehensive hazard survey is the most basic tool used to establish a prevention and control program. This survey should be performed by experts, preferably someone not involved with the workplace, who has a broad knowledge base of safety engineering, industrial hygiene and, if applicable, occupational medicine. This survey identifies current and possible hazards at the worksite. This survey should be performed on a periodic basis.
The second component used to build a prevention and control program is the change analysis. This analysis is conducted prior to a change i n facilities, equipment, processes, or materials in the workplace. In this way, potential hazards can be identified before the change goes into effect. It will also provide a source of savings for the employer in that possible faulty designed can be locate d and changed before going into place.
The last component of the comprehensive hazard identification is the routine hazard analysis. The most basic form of routine hazard analysis is the job safety analysis. This analysis divides a job into tasks and steps, and then it allows for an analysis of potential hazards. A method of prevention and control can then be developed from the analysis that can eliminate the potential hazards.
Each worksite should perform a safety and health inspection on a regular basis. Employees at the worksite can be trained to perform these inspections. The goal of performing this inspection will be to identify any controls that might have slipped since the routine analysis was performed.
The goal of any safety and health program is to identify and correct hazards before they become a problem and employees are harmed. The employer should use all employees as hazard lookouts. The name of the game is accident and illness prevention, and it should start with each person who enters the job site. To be effective, employees need to know whom to notify and how, fear no reprisal. Employees will also need to see timely response to their reports. These responses are visible evidence of management's commitment to worker safety and health and your desire for meaningful employee involvement.
Unfortunately accidents can happen. Accidents must be investigated and analyzed in a timely manner while the facts are still fresh and allows for accident reenactment. Prompt investigation also indicates managements concern.
Employers should use accidents as learning tools by investigating them to determine the causes and then developing ways to avoid similar situations in the future. Every accident has a cause. Once you determine what caused the accident, you can take steps to keep it from happening again and minimize time loss. The emphasis for accident investigation should be on fact-finding, not fault finding. Because the immediate supervisor is usually first on the scene, the supervisor should be trained in accident investigation. The investigation should determine:
A good record keeping system can help management by providing them with the means to objectively evaluate the magnitude of his accident problems. Tracking injuries and illnesses over periods of time can be useful information in devising a prevention plan. They can help you discover trends such as an increase in the number of severity of accidents, or an increase in a certain kind of accident, or an increase of accidents in a certain department. They may also point out problem areas that are missed by simple inspections.
Source: Onsite Safety & Health Consultation Program, Industrial Services Division, Illinois Department of Commerce & Community Affairs
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